Violence against women is a global issue that has captured the attention of many nations in the world hence being put on international agenda. It can be defined as any act concerned with gender based violence that leads into sexual, physical and psychological injury to women (Hague, Kelly & Mullender, 2001). It includes acts such as rape, trafficking in women, partner abuse, female genital mutilation and dowry violence among others.
Many women organizations have sprout up in the last ten decades objectively to fight for the women rights. For instance, in the international conference held in 1993 based on human rights it was recognized that human rights cater for all gender either male or female meaning that women rights forms part of human rights. This implies that violation of women rights can be regarded as abusing human rights.
According to UN General Assembly of 1993, it was discovered that violence against women is a product of gender inequality which to some extend is true. Due to rampant increase on violence against women, the World Health Organization in 1996 implemented policies and strategies aimed at preventing violence against women and children (Hague, Kelly & Mullender, 2001).
According to the research topic violence against women, the only appropriate approach or method to be used in researching on violence against women is a survey whereby the researcher is supposed to go to the field and sample a population to be interviewed.
As already known that in survey a researcher may use either quantitative approach or qualitative approach but the most viable between the two is a qualitative approach because it provides more depth description of the study rather than quantitative that involves the use of numeric values.
Based on the study, survey on violence against women using Quantitative approach can be considered appropriate since it involves case studies and interviews that are said to provide enough information for the study (Renzetti, Edleson & Bergen, 2010).
Violence against women could only be studied by carrying out a survey on the population of women that is at risk. This will include taking your target population to be women who have been married at a particular point in their lives and those who are currently married.
The researcher then should embark on interviewing them by posing questions related to violation of women’s rights. For instance, the researcher intends to know the number of women sexually harassed by their partners or psychologically harmed by husbands through threats among others (Bickerstaff, 2010).
The only important thing to change when conducting a survey on violence against women is the manner in which the questions are administered to the respondent or the target population. A researcher should create a rapport with the respondent so that he or she can extract the require information from them meaning that the manner into which the interview is conducted matters a lot to the study outcomes.
Leading questions should be avoided because they can lead to poor quality of data collection during the study (United Nations, Joint international Law program & Division for the Advancement of women, 2006).
Using survey as an appropriate method on researching violence against women, the researcher is more likely to obtain over-reported or under reported information from the respondents because the whole process would involve self-reported information.
Some of women may be unwilling to deliver the required information while other may exaggerate the process thus leading to biasness in the data collected or gathered. In addition some respondent may give false information just to satisfy the researcher which actually is wrong because it will temper with the findings of the study (Bickerstaff, 2010).
Violence against women is a global issue because it violates women rights that are considered as components of human rights. In conjunction to this the international conference has debated on violence against women through formation of worldwide women organizations to fight for women’s rights in the world.
It has been noted that most of gender based violence originates from gender inequalities meaning that if the international conference enforce gender equity law, incidence of violence against women would cease or decline.
Bickerstaff, L. (2010). Violence against women: Public health and human rights. London: The Rosen Publishing Group.
Hague, G., Kelly, L. & Mullender, A. (2001). Challenging violence against women: The Canadian experience. California, CA: The Policy Press.
Renzetti, C., Edleson, J.L., & Bergen, R.K. (2010). Source book on violence against women. Washington, D.C: SAGE.
United Nations, Joint international Law program & Division for the Advancement of women. (2006). Ending violence against women: From words to action, Volume 795. New York, NY: United Nations Publications.