Undeniably, medium for the parent’s beliefs concerning

vaccines are one of the greatest inventions in the history of medicine. Even
health and medical students agree that vaccination is one of the milestones that
public health achieved in the 20th century. Nonetheless, vaccination
has attracted opposition since Edward Jenner introduced it. The critics have
taken different positions. One faction denies the direct connection between
vaccines and the elimination of substantial reduction of diseases like
smallpox, polio, and measles among others. The other side of opposition argues
that vaccines cause diseases. They cast aspersions on the safety and efficacy
of vaccines. The impact of anti-vaccination movement has been the emergence of
contentious debates that stir up mistrusts about vaccines, a decline in the
immunization rates of children, and the subsequent reemergence of infectious

The propaganda being spread by the
anti-vaccination movements about vaccination and immunization particularly
given to children have led to highly contentious issues that create fear in
parents. The anti-vaccination movements’ rationale for rejecting the validity
of vaccines as backed by scientific evidence are varied and complex. Their
primary mission is dedicated to questioning or refusing vaccination using mainstream
media and the internet. The internet is the most influential medium for the
parent’s beliefs concerning immunization. A majority of the information posted
on those websites are inaccurate and deceptive (Gander,
2017). The arguments claim that vaccines weaken the body’s immunity,
cause diseases of unknown origins and contain poisons (O?pi?ski, 2012). The widespread misinformation and falsehoods
written on those websites have caused most parents to shift to alternative
medicine such as homeopathy, which is perceived to be more superior to
vaccination. Much distrust has met the frantic efforts of the medics to push
for vaccines. The matter is made worse because people advocating against
vaccines feel that the mainstream science and media ignore them. Just like any
responsible parent, they are making every effort to protect their children from
what they perceive as a grave danger to their health.

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            The rates of infant immunization
have declined leading to the outbreaks of contagious diseases. Whereas vaccination
coverage is generally good, the anti-vaccination movements have misled many
people to adopt non-medical exemptions of vaccines based on personal and
religious beliefs (O?pi?ski, 2012). Some
parents believe that a healthy lifestyle is sufficient to keep the immune
system and fight off diseases. Also, the fear caused by Wakefield et al. (1998) findings that MMR vaccine is linked to
autism had caused some parents to refuse to take their children to receive
immunizations. This publication has however been retracted. Instead of fearing
about the deadly diseases, many people now the fear some imaginary side effects
of vaccination. Parents are continuously being misled by the celebrities,
media, and politicians. Consequently, some of the parents do not trust the
doctors. Consequently, after failing to heed to the doctors’ persuasion to
vaccinate their children, some doctors refuse to attend to the parents and
their children.

Moreover, despite the improving levels of
vaccination, the effects of the anti-vaccination movements demonstrate that
vaccine-preventable diseases can still occur. With the falling rates of
vaccination, it is relatively easy for highly infectious diseases such as
diphtheria and measles to re-establish. For, example, in 2012 and 2013 the
United Kingdom experienced a significant outbreak of measles. This outbreak was
as a result of a decline in the rates of MMR vaccination in the early 2000s (Gander, 2017). The leading cause for the
decrease is associated with perceived vaccine safety concerns and fewer
benefits. Parents are particularly more concerned with the safety of newer

In summary, the
anti-vaccination movements exacerbate the fear about vaccines using the
internet, politicians, and celebrities. The fears they propagate result into
more parents refusing to immunize their children. This trend is worrisome to
public health since it abets the reemergence of the immunizable diseases.