This person like Moat, but those living in

This essay concludes that media
representations, can affect cases as shown above how using celebrities in their
articles, can make a story more interesting and popular. Also, how the media
dramatizes stories, if they are newsworthy stories, and how they cover some
stories where as they don’t give media coverage to others. The media shapes our
understanding and values of stories and their victims. Examples of this would-be
Raoul Moats and Shannon Mathews case. It may seem hard to grasp how anybody could
support a person like Moat, but those living in the insular, are often found to
be living in deprived communities. It come to wider attention by the media and
public, only when they have a missing Shannon Mathews or Raoul Moat in their focus
can often see the world in a different way (Brown, 2010).

Conclusion:

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KCTMO are believed to be in the wrong
as they ignored the resident’s warnings. `Our attempts to highlight the
seriousness of this event were covered up by the KCTMO with the help of the
RBKC Scrutiny Committee who refused to investigate the legitimate concerns of
tenants and leaseholders`. (Grenfell action group, 2016). This again portrays
that they were ignored and neglecting their duties to make sure the publics
concerns and safety are overlooked and taken care of. The sense of austerity is
a big example as the government tried to reduce the public expenditure (Cooper
and Whyte, 2017), by not buying sprinklers, and more exits for the residents to
escape from. Which again points out that the government weren’t being cautious
and thinking of the residents but rather the expenditure. “When one individual
inflicts bodily injury upon another such injury that death results, we call
that deed manslaughter…` (Engle’s 1969: 106; Cited from Open learn). The media
portray the Grenfell incident as manslaughter, pointing out that the government
being ignorant to the resident’s inquiries and concerns, and questioning their
suspicious behaviour towards the residents’ concerns. `Warnings to the neighbourhood
association and building managers emerge, the biggest question is: Why were
their complaints ignored? ` (Maizland, 2017).  It suggests that even though the government
knew the risks and the complaints that the residents were sending them they
still ignored it, risking many lives. The media also focused more on the
celebrities and gave media coverage to celebrities who voiced their opinions on
the incident. `some celebs have now shared their condolences – and shock –
after seeing the horrifying scenes at Grenfell Tower, with others including
Richard Branson, Rita Ora, Rob Kazinsky, Piers Morgan and Jamie O’Hara`.
(Duncan, 2017). It shows that the media found it important to put celebrity’s
names in the articles to show how serious this incident was, as even
celebrities responded, and shared their condolences on social media. Which
again shows the dramatization the media use to make a story dramatic. Which has
previously been talked about in this essay using Sacco’s example. `Celebrities
urge Londoners to give what they can to Grenfell Tower fire victims` (Duncan,
2017). Which again proves that they mainly focused on high- profile
celebrities, as it made this incident more recognised, and popular compared to
any other fire incidents.

In relations to this case there were
celebrities that contributed to Madeline’s disappearance reward, such as
Rooney, Ronaldo, JK Rowling etc… Unlike Shannon’s case which only had one
celebrity being Leona Lewis who hurried to aid Shannon’s parents. `Footballers,
celebrities and high-profile businessmen offered public support to Madeleine’s
parents.  With the exception of Leona
Lewis, celebrities have not rushed to assist Shannon’s parents`. (Greenslade,
2008). It implies that less support was given to Shannon’s parent as again she
came from a working-class background, whereas Madeline came from a middle-class
background. In comparison to this case another case which is seen as a `signal
crime` (Innes, 2014), would be the Grenfell tower incident. This case is only
similar to Madeline McCann’s case as it had a huge impact on the public, victims
and the media. This incident is quite recent, as it occurred in June 2017. The
Grenfell tower is located in north west London. Many residents had expressed
their concerns regarding the safety precautions of the building, but they were
ignored by the government. `This tragedy could have been avoided because
everyone, even government ministers, knew the residents were at risk`
(Maizland, 2017). This demonstrates the negligence of the powers in place, as
they ignored the publics concerns.

 Another speculation of this case would be how
the media gave Shannon Mathews case less attention compared to Madeline
McCann’s case. Although both cases were similar, the media focused more on
Madeline McCann than they did Shannon Mathew. `Within two weeks of Madeleine’s
disappearance the rewards totalled £2.6m while those for Shannon amount to
£25,500 (including £20,000 from The Sun) ` (Greenslade, 2008). This points out
that Madeline was getting not only more attention but also more help form the
public, as people contributed for the appeal to find Madeline. Greenslade’s argument
was that there was less media coverage on Shannon’s disappearance. `The Sun is
the single paper to have covered the story with a measure of prominence and
persistence`. (Greenslade, 2008). It points out that other articles didn’t find
the need to report Shannon’s disappearance with perseverance or importance,
compared to Madeline’s. An alternative way to look at both cases would be the
class difference or class hierarchy. Shannon Mathew’s came from a deprived
working-class background, and her mother has `an unsympathetic domestic
profile`. (Greenslade, 2008). whereas Madeline came from a middle-class
background and her parents have `respectable` careers in medicine. This suggests
that the media were being subjective when choosing which case to pay more
attention to because of the class difference. Another thing would be the fact
that Karen was seen as a woman who lacked eloquence and her and her daughter
didn’t have the photogenic gene compared to Madeline. Correspondingly, the fact
that there weren’t videos or images of Shannon. `There are no “cute” pictures
of the girl and no videos of her`. (Greenslade, 2008).  Which insinuates that a common feature of TV
news and media is that they show attractive victims of crime rather than
unattractive victims which get less media coverage and attention, example being
Shannon Mathew.

Irrespective of race, an overall
problem with the representation of victims in crime news stories narrates to what
Sacco (1995) states that “the random character of victimization,” or the
media’s propensity to infer that anyone at any time may fall victim to a crime.
He argues that, “While the best social science literature indicates that the
risks of crime…are not equally shared, media images often convey a different
message” (Sacco, 1995:149). The arbitrary character of victimization is emphasised
to raise the dramatic value of a story. An example of this would-be Shannon
Mathews case. The sun was the only paper to cover Shannon Mathews case, with a
measure of importance and perseverance. 
`The young girl was missing for a total of 24 days before she was found
by the police. During that time a massive investigation was launched to find
her…- more than 250 officers and 60 detectives were involved in the search` (Cambridge
(the sun), 2017). This insinuates that the sun found it significant to convey
the story with every detail and importance as they wanted it to sound more
dramatic so that the value of the story could be increased, and that people
would sympathise with the `poor` 9-year-old. Which portrays that Shannon
Mathews would be an `ideal victim`, as Christie would argue that she’s a weak,
young, child which immediately puts her under the victim label. This is because
children are perceived to be vulnerable, weak and easy `preys` to be victimised,
example being Madeline McCann.

Domestic abuse’s causal root is `societal
inequality` amongst men and women, “because she is a woman and it happens
disproportionately to women.” (UN, 1993). In other words, because Moats was a
dominant male, who had muscles and was a `drug abuser`, he was easily able to
use his strength, and since Stobbart was a female who had endured violence from
him and because she was naïve and young is why she was abused by Moat. This is
implied by the media as it proposes in Jenkins and McIntosh’s article, (2010). `It
took Ms Stobbart 6 years of violence and intimidation to leave Moat and, when
she eventually did he exacted revenge…` This again shows that media are
portraying the victim as weak, vulnerable and unable to leave the relationship
and she felt intimidated and feared Moat. Christies (1986), study on the `ideal
victim`, would relate to this as he argued that victims are `socially
constructed`, and ideal victims would be the blameless, young, weak, small
children, women, immigrants etc…  Stobbart would come under this category as she
ticks some of the boxes of being an ideal victim. She was young, when she met
Moat, weak and blameless as she endured 6 years of abuse from Moat.

An example of a case that had an
impact on the wider society, as well as the victims, witnesses and offenders
would be Raoul Moats case also known as a signal crime (Innes, 2014). This case
proves that the media as well as social media have a great influence on cases,
and victims. Raoul Moats case is a fascinating case as the public, were in
favour of Moats even though he was a criminal. “Moat is a true British hero, he’s done what he thought was right by getting revenge on
his cheating ex-girlfriend. Join this group to support him”. Another
supporter said “He is only interested in revenge to make up for years of mental
torture by the piggy policemen” (Reynolds, 2010). This suggests that they
perceived Moat as an underdog who was hunted by armed police officers, and that
they felt like he was treated unjustly by the authorities, as they sympathised
with Moat. The victims in Moats case weren’t focused much by the media, or
given importance compared to Moat. This is mainly because the public supported
Moat. In Comparison to Reynolds article another article written by Jenkins and
McIntosh (2010), focused on one victim in particular; his ex-girlfriend
Samantha Stobbart. In this article it talked about her history with Moats
compared to the other articles such as, the Sunday times, the times, Daily mail
etc… They all focused on Moats, on the run from the police, and his childhood
rather than Samantha who Moats shot. In the article it discusses her
relationship with Moat. He was a domestic abuser, as he became violent and
possessive with Samantha. `she came to fear the volatile drug abuser who would,
casually use his strength against her. Their relationship was punctuated by
violence`. (Jenkins and McIntosh, 2010). It again mentions violence `it took Ms
Stobbart 6 years of violence to leave Moat…` This all implicates that he was a
domestic abuser, and because she’s a woman she received hate from the public,
and the media portrayed her as a `cheating liar`. `He’s done what he thought
was right by getting revenge on his cheating ex-girlfriend`. This is a previous
quote used in this essay which again relates, as the public perceive her in the
wrong, and the culprit rather than the victim.

 Jewkes (2004:40) argument
was that crime stories only become newsworthy by concentrating on numerous news
standards specific to crime which include the level of certainty, of the crime
or how communal or infrequent the crime is. Risk is another one he talked about
in the sense of victims could be at risk of a similar victimization, whether
the crime has a sexual aspect to it, or if the offender or victim is a
celebrity or a person with high-status, if the crime occurred nearby, level of
violence, the existence of display or realistic imagery, and if youth are
involved etc… If a crime news story contains these basic fundamentals, it
then has an influence on the likelihood of it being reported. There’s a chance
that “a story does not have to conform to all the criteria in order to make the
news – although events that score highly on the newsworthiness scale; that is,
conform to several of the news values are more likely to be reported” (Jewkes
2004:40). Crime news morals can change over time.

People consume the news everyday from a selection of sources such
as radio, television, magazines, newspapers and the internet only a few are conscious
of the potential biases they contain, when constructing and reporting news
stories. All news, whatever the source may be have newsworthy value which is
constructed. There are crucial reasons why one story is picked for coverage and
another is not. “Events that appear to disrupt expectations or are deviant
occurrences are stuff of news (Reiner, Livingstone and Allen, 2003: 13). Those
“deviant occurrences” and “disrupted expectations” are seen as specific characteristics
of crime news stories. Analytical attention is how crime is reported in the
news. It is mandatory because of the way in which the media represents these
events steadily influence ones understanding of crime in society. “Media images
help shape our view of the world and our deepest values; what we consider good
or bad, positive or negative, moral or evil” (Kellner, 1995: 25). The level of
influence depends, to some standard on characteristics of the various types of methods
used. (Weitzer and Kubrin, 2004).  

To what extent do media representations of victims and
victimisation align with the insights and evidence provided by theory and
research in victimology?