This paper is about air freight vs sea freight. In this
paper, factors that are considered before making a decision between sea freight
and air freight are discussed. They include cost and nature of goods, weight,
and space, delivery time and safety, and pricing. If you are thinking about these
two types of freight, these are the factors that you should look into. If you
consider speed factor with a super-fast delivery, air freight will be the most
reliable as compared to sea freight yet still the same air freight it is the most unreliable when you
consider bulky goods with more tons and the hazardous
ones like wet salted hides.
When it comes to
reliability, air freight is more reliable because it is fast and has many
return flights. On the other hand, sea
freight is characterized by delays and long turn around times of weeks sometimes up to months.
If you want an option that delivers fast, the best option to
choose is air freight. Out of the four modes of transport known, air transport
is the most expensive and fastest then the sea
is the slowest.
Complains of goods being damaged or getting lost is minimal
in air freight. Bad weather and attacks from pirates is the order of the day in
sea freight and this automatically increases chances of goods being damaged or
lost. Because goods arrive safety of goods and in a timely manner, air freight is more expensive than sea
Cost and nature of goods
Cost is a paramount factor when making any decisions. When
comparing air freight to sea freight, sea freight is generally much cheaper
than air freight. However, there can be some hidden costs that can change this.
They include warehouse storage where the goods are stored as soon as they get
off the ship, customs charges and sometimes destination charges. If you
consider the nature of goods, sea freight favors almost all types of goods, but
air freight has restrictions. Hazardous goods like wet salted hides or fuels
cannot be airlifted.
Weight and Space
Ships are generally large. Because of this nature, they can
carry almost anything of any shape. On the other hand, airplanes have
restrictions on the weight they can carry. The maximum weight an airplane can
carry is 100 tons and 60 cubic meters. The maximum weight the biggest ship can
carry is 156,989 tons. Airplanes also have space restrictions, for example,
they cannot carry commodities with abnormal shapes like large industrial
machines. To be precise air freight has limited
space and sea freight has enough space to carry
all types of goods.
No matter how much money you are willing to spend transporting
your goods, the weight, quantity, and nature of your goods will play a big role
in dictating the type of freight that will be used. Heavy goods that are
hazardous and have huge tons will always use sea freight. On the other hand, non-hazardous goods with a lightweight
will always be ideal for air freight.