This article offers an in-depth overview of the characteristics of the invasion and the circumstances surrounding it. The author provides numerous subsections, which are organized chronologically, that introduce the reader to several different factors about the failed invasion. Dunn mostly outlines how American-Cuban relations gradually deteriorated especially during the Cold War years. He emphasizes that political intervention by the United States resulted in the growth of socialism and autocracies in Latin American. Dunn analyzes Cuba as an US domestic issue, illustrates how the Bay of Pigs consolidated the Cuban revolution, and portrays how the invasion set the framework for the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Bay of Pigs invasion made many Americans distrust the government and changed their opinions on any foreign conflict. The main limitation of this article is that it focuses on Cuban and American relations and political aspects of the invasion during the Cold War. In particular, this article will help provide background information and supporting evidence for my thesis. The author’s purpose in this article is to provide insight on the aftermath of the Bay of Pigs invasion and explain the controversy surrounding it. He includes the remarks of several credible experts to put emphasis on important factors of the operation like the effects on the CIA and decisions made by the legislative administration. Golan-Vilella asks various questions that are then followed by a thorough and concise answer. He argues that immediately after the unsuccessful invasion, Kennedy made it obvious to the Soviets that he was determined to remove Castro out of power. This resulted in the Soviets sending nuclear weapons to Cuba and further escalating the tension. The article is lacking evidence on the change the failed invasion brought to the Kennedy Administration, and the author does not mention the internal conflicts that America faced after the invasion. This article will assist my thesis by helping to explain the controversies of the Bay of Pigs and explain the consequences on the central government.In, “The Bay of Pigs: Long Lasting Consequences (2012)”, Nerkowski analyzes the failed invasion to overthrow Castro and its immediate and long-term repercussions. The author describes the failed invasion as an obvious miscalculation by the CIA and how the American people, Soviets, and Cubans were all not very surprised. Nerkowski argues that the most important consequence that the failed invasion led to was non-democratic countries changing their views on democracy. He establishes a cause-effect argument that portrays the effect the unsuccessful operation had on Soviet presence near the United States and the constant fear of the spread of communism. However, Nerkowski acknowledges that some of the effects of the failed invasion are controversial, but these controversies are verified and supported by direct evidence. This article is relevant to my thesis since it links the impact of the failed invasion to the United States government. In, “The Bay of Pigs Invasion and its Aftermath, April 1961–October 1962”, the author examines the factors America faced during the Cold War and the impact of Cuba’s proximity to its neighbors. The author explains the threat of the spread of communism to the United States and the embarrassment the failed invasion caused for the Kennedy administration. The failed invasion strengthened both Castro’s government and ties to socialism which led to a reassessment of Cuban policy by Kennedy. The Bay of Pigs Invasion eventually led to a similar program, called Operation Mongoose, which also had the purpose to remove Castro from power. There is a lack of supporting evidence that the failed invasion brought a direct change to the central government, however, the author makes it up by elaborating directly on the significance to the Kennedy Administration. This article is useful to my thesis because it provides evidence that support the repercussions of the Bay of Pigs operation.