The story of the Fairy Tale castle – Neuschwanstein Castle c.
High on a crag
in South-West Bavaria stood the fairy-tale castle of Neuschwanstein, as seen in Figure iii.
(Wilkinson, 2012) As seen in Figure iv, it has a magnificent view
overlooking a lake with mountains in the surrounding. Inspiring Walt Disney to
create the Magic Kingdom,
as seen in Figure v, it has since become the prototype of all theme park
castles. Being one of the most popular architectural building in Europe, it has
attracted an estimate amount of 1.4 million visitors yearly. (DK Eyewitness Travel, 2016)
The castle was
built in the late 19th century for King Ludwig II of Bavaria, as
seen in Figure vi, who was named the “fairy-tale king”. Obsessed with medieval
history and being an immoderate enthusiast for operas of Richard Wagner, as seen in Figure vii—
dramatic sagas of Gods, heroes and knights. After his operas, Tannhäuser and
Lohengrin made a lasting impression on him, the castle was built as an homage
for him. Furthermore, he was inspired by visits to two ancient castles— Wartburg
in Germany, as seen
in Figure viii, and Pierrefonds in France, as seen in Figure ix, both reconstructed in
Medieval style. He wanted a Medieval castle with interiors that reflected the
bygone age of chivalry. For architect Eduard Riedel to create the ultimate
romantic castle, the style chosen was Romanesque-revival, which was also
popular in Germany. (Wilkinson, 2012)
one of a kind fairy-tale castle, many western architectural elements have been
used together. Such as Roman and Gothic architectural styles. It featured
mainly the masonry building, as seen in Figure x. Excluding the gate house, as seen in Figure xi,
all of the castle’s fronts have been clad with white limestone (Wilkinson, 2012), and beautified with
blind traceries carved into it as seen in Figure xii, with paintings of Byzantine Art. (Chisholm, n.d.) Many areas of the
walls are being broken up by overlaying traceries due to the large spacious
areas. (The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, 2017) Vaults played as a
structural member, consisting of an arrangement of arches, forming another
ceiling. As seen in
both Figure xiii and Figure xiv, the curves accentuate the mosaic tiles
that are placed around. Stained glass windows are also adopted, as seen in Figure xv,
to give the interior an effect of being sun-dappled. (The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, 2017) Columns and posts
have been featured in the castle, alongside with detailed carvings around it.
As seen in Figure
xvi, the columns give the space a grand feeling when standing round the
The Throne Hall
with its rows of arches and apse, based on the interior design of a church in
Munich. The looks of the arches and columns were enhanced with carvings of
patterns around when looked closely, as seen in Figure xvii. The capital of the
columns has been carved in detail.
bedroom is covered with wooden panelling, with the bed being Gothic styled.
With a wooden canopy and coverings embroidered with symbols King Ludwig II kept
close to heart, including swans and lilies, as seen in Figure xviii.
by the Festival Hall and Singer’s Hall in Wartburg, the king built one to call
it his own. Said to be a location for singing contest between medieval
minstrels, from a scene in Wagner’s opera Tannhäuser, it inspired the Singers’
Hall in the Neuchwanstein Castle. As seen in Figure xix, the entire room is a memorial to the
mythical knights who sought the Holy Grail.
Psychological Implications of Architecture
The colour in
architecture is not just for decoration, it influences the imaginations,
thinking style and emotions of one. With high ceilings painted with bright
royal hues, the atmosphere in the Throne Hall, as seen in Figure xx and Figure xxi, can
trigger a series of different thoughts. Colours covering the most surface areas
involved are gold, blue and maroon. Each associates with a different moods and
traits. Gold, for example, represents wealth grandeur and prosperity. Moreover,
the blue colour highly associate itself with depth and stability, being
beneficial to the mind and body with its calming effect. Blue also symbolizes
traits such as intelligence, wisdom, faith and confidence. The maroon colour,
known as Tyrain Purple in the past, is equated with wealth and power unlike in
the modern society. Groups like the Romans and ancient Egyptians used the
colour as a mark of prestige. Strictly in the Byzantine Empire, a law was
regulated that only those with power are allowed to wear the colour, those who
disobey will be imposed with severe penalties. (Gordon, 2013)
ceiling height and wide spacious areas, as seen in Figure xx, it can influence one to
think more about freedom and being limitless, without involving confinement in the
period of thinking.
How Architecture Relates to Fashion
the two largest and longest existing creative fields, fashion and architectural
art have a few in common. Some might argue that architectural arts follows the
footsteps of fashion, while some think otherwise, including some agreeing that
they walk together as one. Fashion shows innovation, experimental techniques
and fluency with colours, and textures. Furthermore, behaviours of fabrics can
be derived and implemented to work on architectural fashion.
fashion uses materials as building blocks, paying attention to construction,
shape, proportions and silhouette. (Fotini, 2017) In fashion, some designer uses
architectural art as a source of design inspiration, as seen in both Figure xxii and Figure xxiii,
interpreting it to meet their individual style. Having to in cooperate
architectural elements into the designs, some might end up having exaggerated
properties and peculiar looks to it. Giving the design a strong sense of
avant-garde, for example, with elongated proportions and strong silhouettes.
Fabrics are manipulated through techniques, such as pleating, folding, layering
and more, to build up the final effect of a three-dimensional architectural
look. Contradictorily, the techniques and practices that the fashion industry
uses might never be usable in the architectural industry.
of someone being an enthusiast of incorporating architecture and fashion
together is the late Pierre Balmain. As a French fashion designer with
architectural arts background, known for sophistication and elegance, with a
background of architectural art, described the art of dressmaking as “the
architecture of movement”.
Fashion of the Romantic Era
In the Romantic Era, Giving it an
elegant yet edgy look. The silhouette from each item of clothing is either very
exaggerated or tightly fitted with no in between. The skirts Romantic women
wore has a V-pointed form on their bodice waistline. With a slightly raised
waistline, it has a sense of elegance. Generally worn as an evening wear, the
sleeves were built on an inverted triangular bodice. As a cause of the wideness
of sleeves, the neckline was exposed, showing off the chest, throat and sloping
shoulders, as seen
in Figure _. (Thomas & Thomas, n.d.)
Covering the beret puff, a delicate
sheer over sleeve of silk embroidered shimmering gauze was used. The beret
sleeves accentuate the skinny waistline of the women due to its exaggerated
size, as seen in
Figure _. (Thomas & Thomas, n.d.)
The skirts of the era have a wide skirt hemline. For the
skirt to be altered beyond normal proportions, it is
stuffed and decorated with flounces and frills. (Thomas & Thomas, n.d.)
Castle as a source for Design Inspiration
The colour palette that have been made using prominent colours
featured in the backgrounds of the Throne Halls. Using a triadic colour scheme,
it will make the designs vibrant and stand out in the crowd, giving it a
sophisticated look and feeling. With a hardly used triadic colour, shades were
chosen and carefully balanced and picked out. From the colour palette from the
colour board, yellows will dominate the designs, while the reds and blue will
be set aside as an accent colour. Therefore, it is an experiment with the
colour palette. From the Womens’
palette, creamy yellow neutrals are in trend in Spring/ Summer 2019, it has a
feminine quality and feeling to it. The
blue as a mid-century tone, it gives a vintage appeal, with the prim femininity
of the 1950s that inspired retro pastel colours. Therefore, the colours that
has been used in the colour board not only work well with each other, they are
also in trend for Spring/ Summer 2019.
From the façade of the Neuschwanstein Castle, the limestone
masonry has been the source of inspiration for the fabric manipulation used.
The fronts of the castle have been cladded with repetitive rectangular white
limestone bricks. The manipulation, a square smocking, as seen in Figure_, has been used to
give a more detailed look. Compared to having boring rectangular panels,
smocking needs a more delicate needlework for it to have the detailed
Integrating the “S”-shaped ruffles into the designs, it was used
to explain about the complex designs seen in the traceries around the castle.
Without using the easy way out by just painting onto the fabrics, hand
stitching ruffles has set up another challenge, as seen in Figure _.
The Throne hall of the Neuschwanstein Castle was a later addition
to the plan of the construction and it needed steel framework to support. Using
the fact, aluminium wires have been in cooperated into the designs. Instead of
using steel like the Throne hall’s, aluminium is a better option due to its
weight and flexibility to be moulded into different shape without losing its
shape quickly. It is also dull-looking in comparison, not having a shine if it
was used. With a sense of originality, it will make the garment looking one of
a kind and unique.
With many small delicate details in every corner of the castle,
pearl embellishments have been used and it is a trans seasonal trend, with it
having potential to be relevant in the future. To highlight further more about
the intricate features of Gothic and Romanesque architectural style fusing
together, pearl embellishments have been used in the garment in upward pointing
lines. Working in conjunction with the trend forecast and inspiration, the
intricacies of the embellishments will not only be in trend for Spring/ Summer
2019, but also fit well with the inspirational source.
Following the footsteps of the era of when the Neuschwanstein
Castle was built, the Romantic Era’s fashion has played a role in inspiring the
silhouette. With a wider skirt hemline, the designs have been altered to suit
the seasons of spring and summer. It has been cut short compared to the long
dress. Featuring both the iconic elements of the era’s fashion, beret sleeves
were built on an inverted triangular bodice, giving it a sexy look as it shows some
skin. In trend for Spring/ Summer 2019, voluminous sleeves will add a special
touch to the silhouette by finishing just below the elbows.
With many intricate details in in Neuschwanstein Castle, intricate
lace with embroideries have been chosen to in cooperate into the designs.
Working together with the details added, ruffles will be worked into sheer
chiffon, lace and tulle fabrics. Simple matte fabrics will also be included to
balance out the prints that are present. Therefore, not only the fabrics will
work well together, it is also foreseen to be in trend for Spring/ Summer 2019.
A collection created by the
architectural building of the Neuschwanstein Castle, it features a series of
different elements. Inspired by the beauty and the intricacies of the castle,
the designs have been made with delicate lace and embroideries, alongside with
pearl embellishments. With an exaggerated silhouette, inspired by the Romantic
Era’s fashion, voluminous sleeves and low necklines are included to bring out
the alluring figure of the wearer. Decorated with a delicate approach,
hand-stitched ruffles and smocking brings life to the designs. The colours and
details in the Neuschwanstein Castle, have been reflected on the designs itself
in a modernized method.