The established impression of a women in the French society includes household responsibilities such as housekeeping, farm animals, harvesting crops, child rearing and upbringing and preparing meals. During the initiation of the industrial revolution in France, there was a drastic change in women’s role to being domestic helpers, washerwomen and factory workers. By 1944, the role of women became more prominent in France by acquiring the rights to vote. In 1960s, the woman gained the right to work without getting their husband’s consent and were able to open their own personal bank accounts.
Women’s status changed drastically from doing domestic duties to being involved in the French parliament and many more. Before the 19th century, between 1793 and 1794, 8000 women were estimated to have assisted in the army. In the 19th century, during 1874, France allowed the first trade union open to women. In 1895, women were qualified as administrators of public charity boards and by 1898 they were accepted as administrators of commercial boards and mutual aid societies. Few women were capable of holding public offices in 1930s. Léon Blum, the Prime Minister during 1936, included 3 women in the Popular Front government. By 1965, married women owned the rights to work independently without the husband’s consent. The president during 1974, nominated 9 women between 1974 and 1981 in his government and after the election of a socialist candidate in 1981, a French Politian, Yvette Roudy, passed the 1983 law against sexism.
Women’s economic empowerment is broadly recognized as one of the most effective means of catalyzing positive social transformation in favor of gender equality. Empowering women in a country would lead to a tremendous decrease in dependence rates, reduction in VAW (Violence Against Women), a raised household income which leads to increasing household purchasing power which contributes to an enhanced standard of living adding on the taxes that the government of the country collects. Investing in this empowerment also sets a direct path towards poverty eradication and inclusive economic growth. So, the empowering of women economically will surely lead to the country’s development.