The on the circumstances present at that time,

The Civil War, commonly known as “The
War Between the States”, or identified by others as “The War between the North and
the South” has brought to many the idea of it being inevitable. Many have
concluded that the presence of an authoritative central leadership could have
helped avoid the whole situation. For those who know all the factors that led
to the Civil War, they would have known that based on the circumstances present
at that time, the war occurred mainly because of three main causes: The South’s
dependence on slave labor to maintain its agrarian economy and its way of life;
the North’s determination to empower and strengthen the Federal government; and
the consequently political dispute, which resulted from what the South viewed
as a usurpation of its sovereignty.



The Civil War was fought between the
Confederates (The South) and the Union (The North) after many disagreements and
the decision of the Confederates to secede from the Union to make their own

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The issue of slavery was the primary
cause of the Civil War since there was a contradiction between the states for
the abolition of slavery. “The industrial revolution in the North, during the
first few decades of the 19th century, brought about a machine age economy that
relied on wage laborers, not slaves. (Chadwick)” The South relied more on
slavery for labor to work in the fields. The North on the other hand was more
industrialized and wanted slavery to be considered illegal throughout the
United States since it was viewed as wrong and evil. As the abolitionist movement
gained momentum, the South grew increasingly fearful that their way of life
would soon come to an end. The disagreement over slavery “led to secession, and
secession brought about a war in which the Northern and Western states and
territories fought to preserve the Union, and the South fought to establish
Southern independence as a new confederation of states under its own
constitution. (“Causes of the Civil War”)”

Apart from the disagreement of slavery
being one of the most known causes towards the Civil War, politics had much to
do with it as well. Tariffs were taxes that were paid on goods that were
brought into the country; this brought much controversy between the North and
the South. The South thought that this was aimed towards them since they
imported a wider variety of goods and believed that it was unfair. Taxes were
also set on Southern goods that were shipped to foreign countries; this was not
applied to Northern goods at equal value. “Additional territories gained from
the U.S.–Mexican War of 1846–1848 heightened the slavery debate. Abolitionists
fought to have slavery declared illegal in those territories… (“Causes of the
Civil War”).”


Before the Civil War, the political
power in the Federal government which was centered in Washington D.C had begun
to change. The northern and mid-western states became
more powerful as their populations increased; while the southern states began
to lose political power as their populations did not increase as rapidly.
Therefore, as one segment of the nation grew larger and increasingly more
powerful than the other, their respective socio-political and economic issues
would be addressed separately and accordingly. The North insisted on
strengthening the Federal Government since infrastructure is solely required in
areas where industry flourished. On the other hand, the Southerners lived in
self-sufficient states and did not need a Federal Government. “When the
Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln won the 1860 presidential election,
Southern fears that the Republicans would abolish slavery reached a new peak.
Lincoln was an avowed opponent of the expansion of slavery but said he would
not interfere with it where it existed. (“Causes of The Civil War”)”
Abraham Lincoln’s presidency triggered the South’s movement to secede from the federal
government. This resulted in the South making a unilateral decision to secede.

Although our immediate thoughts to this
was that yes, the war was inevitable, the war did not just happen because of
slavery. The socio-political and economic republic was destined to transform in
endless of ways. Quite often in the course of human events, change brings
instability, which leads to conflict, both political and armed. 



Chadwick, B. (n.d.). Teaching,
home of the National History Education Clearinghouse. Retrieved December 13,
2017, from

of the Civil War. (n.d.). Retrieved December 12, 2017, from