The Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) provides a framework for occupational therapists to understand how to use daily activities therapeutically to support people’s health (MOHO web, ND). Different characteristics of MOHO demonstrates the values and beliefs of occupational therapy.
The first characteristic of MOHO is that it supports occupation-focused practice. MOHO aims to give an extensive understanding of the characteristics of occupation in human life and its effect on health and illness (Kielhofner, 2008). It also considers occupations as a process in which human are assisted to do things by themselves to enable them to create their abilities, self-concepts and identities. Therefore, it believes that the occupation can have a certain impact on health and illness. It shows one of the beliefs of occupational therapy, which is the use of occupation can be a method to enhance human lives. Occupational therapy aims to allow patients to seize in occupational behavior to help maintain, restore or reorganize their occupational lives (Bass, Baum and Christiansen, 2015). Under the circumstances, occupation therapists believe that through the medium of occupation, patients can be enabled to maximize their independence in productivity, self-care and leisure by considering the health and illness that patients have (Cronin-Davis, 2017). So, they developed occupation-focused intervention to attain the aims of occupational therapy.
The second characteristic of MOHO is that it supports an understanding of how people are motivated and make decisions for doing the daily activities. MOHO describes human as composed of three elements, which are volition, habituation and performance capacity (MOHO web, ND). Besides, among these elements, volition means that human have a hope to engage in occupations that are developed in their daily lives. Volition and the other two elements will pose an impact on what a person does in productivity, self-care and leisure (Duncan, 2011). From this, another value of occupational therapy is shown, which is the freedom of individuals. Occupational therapists believe that individuals are motivated toward the choices in their daily lives by the effect of environmental factors. By using purposeful activities, patients can be trained or adapted to make the choices by themselves in order to pursue goals that have personal or social meaning to them (Drolet et al., 2015). The values and beliefs of the patients are also respected in occupational therapy. Different kinds of purposeful activities will be provided in order to promote their health and well-being and encourage them to participate in various kinds of daily occupations (Cole and Tufano, 2008). Meanwhile, the occupational performance and occupational engagement of the patients can be enhanced through these purposeful activities so that their choices in their daily lives can be done individually.
In conclusion, MOHO shows that occupational therapists believe the use of occupation can be a method to enhance human lives and they value the freedom of individuals. It provides a clear understanding about the use of therapeutic occupations are able to support public health and well-being and shows an importance in leading occupational therapy practice.
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2. Cole, M.B. and Tufano, R. (2008) Applied Theories in Occupational Therapy: A Practical Approach. SLACK Incorporated.
3. Cronin-Davis, J. et al. (2017) Occupational Therapists Use of Occupation-Focused Practice in Secure Hospitals: Practice Guideline. Royal College of Occupational Therapists.
4. Drolet, M. et al. (2015) The values of occupational therapy: Perceptions of occupational therapists in Quebec. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy. 23(4), 272-285. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/11038128.2015.1082623?src=recsys=iocc20 Accessed 11 Jan 2018
5. Duncan, E. (2011) Foundations for Practice in Occupational Therapy. 5th edition. Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.
6. Kielhofner, G. (2008) Model of Human Occupation: Theory and Application. Wolters Kluwer.
7. MOHO web (ND) Introduction to MOHO. https://www.moho.uic.edu/resources/about.aspx Accessed 10 Jan 2018