The for ex, there are sheriffs, outlaws

The Studio System was a monopoly dominated by ‘Big Five’
Studios, these studios essentially owned Hollywood at the time. MGM, Paramount,
and Warner Brothers were fundamentally the three key players, along with the
slightly smaller in comparison but nonetheless progressive 20th
century FOX and RKO Radio. Almost every studio specialised in its own genre, but
all following the classic Hollywood narrative, in which equilibrium is
disrupted, then reconciled. MGM specialised dramas and musicals, Paramount made
films that focused on decadence, and Warner Bros. made hybrid gangster films. Due
to their control over particular genres, each studio had the ability to transfigure
and evolve the genre as they saw fit.

Almost every Hollywood studio was associated with a specific
type of genre; MGM had musicals and dramas, Warner Bros. Had gangster films,
Universal had its share of horror films. Although different genres, they
fallowed the same classical narrative structure. Problems arose in the
beginning of the film and they must be solved in order to restore the balance
in the world. To identify a genre, we must look at their components. For example,
a western genre has elements, symbols to identify that world: for ex, there are
sheriffs, outlaws and also the wilderness. Different genre requires different
types of stars.

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Founded in 1924, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer was the greatest and most
esteemed of its time, created when Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and Louis
B. Mayer Pictures were bought by business magnate Marcus Loew between 1916 and
1924. Known as the ‘producer
studio’, MGM’s films were opulent and they were considered consistently quality
productions, becoming particularly celebrated for its extravagant musicals. The
studio was tremendously rich in stars, with big names such as Joan Crawford,
John Gilbert and Buster Keaton in their corner, assuring them a large profit
from anything they released. MGM was the first studio to implicate the
Producer-unit system, with its head producer Irving Thalberg having the
authority to re-edit any film, MGM quickly became the most affluent studio in Hollywood
Studio System.

Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the
world, and considered one of the defining studios of Hollywood’s classical era.

Its founder, Adolph Zukor believed that film was a commodity catered for the
working class, specifically immigrants. By the early 1920’s, Paramount had expanded
to an industry colossus with theatrical chains of 2000 screens and two
production studios. With the 1930s came the Great Depression, which caused many
of the big studios to struggle, and Paramount was on the brink of financial
disaster. Paramount was in the midst of menacing competition, with stars such
as Clark Gable and Joan Crawford under MGM’s wing, and with the rise of sound
in cinema, Paramount had to up there game. Throughout the 1930s, they recruited
and bred numerous stars, including Mae West, Gary Cooper, Marlene Dietrich and
Claudette Colbert. Churning out over 60 films per year, Paramount became one of
the biggest and most important of the “Big Five”.

 Warner
Bros. made its quickly earn a place in the Big Five’ with its production The Jazz Singer (1927) the first feature
film to introduce sound. Unlike others at the top of the studio system, Warner
Bros. would combine genres, rather than focus on making one. They dabbled in Gangster
films with elements of musicals and romantic adventure films, an exertion that
deemed remarkably successful. Their films were remarkably distinguishable, and through
the reuse of low-key lighting, with sets being simple and workmanlike, created a distinctive visual
style for the studio. With the average production cost of Warner bros film in
1932 being $200,000, they proved that their unique style granted them as much
success as studios investing over double this per production, with MGM’s average
at $450,000 by comparison (Campbell, 1979: 2).