The 90%.2 Other systems cover the rest of

The first real wind farms for commercial use started producing electricity in the United States in the early 1980s.1  ERCOT directs the current of electric power in Texas on the interconnection that transports most of the state’s electric load, approximately 90%.2  Other systems cover the rest of Texas, but ERCOT supplies power to the most major cities including: Dallas, Ft. Worth, Austin, Houston, and San Antonio.3

Even though wind energy production began in Texas during the 1980s, the wind energy industry in Texas did not start until 1999, when the legislature passed Senate Bill 7, and Governor George W. Bush consequently signed into law the State’s Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS).4 RPS launched with a first goal of generating capacity of 2,000 MW, to be accomplished by the year 2009.5  Then by 2006, Texas easily achieved that first RPS goal three years ahead of the 2009 initial scheduled goal.6  Therefore, in 2005, the legislature foresaw the attainment of that goal and renewed the RPS goal to hit “10,000 MW of installed renewable generating capacity by January 1, 2025.”7

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To implement these new modified goals, the legislature assigned power to the PUC, so that it could create a system where energy providers must make a proportionate share of energy.8  The PUC satisfied the legislature’s demand for a system and formed a platform to determine an energy generator’s required quantity of energy.9  Additionally, the Texas legislature asked the PUC to regulate geographical areas of Texas in deciding where electrical providers should focus their industries to build renewable energy facilities.10  This led to the establishment of Competitive Renewable Energy Zones (CREZ), which circumscribes areas in the wind heavy part of Texas for assembling wind farms.11  According to Jeff Clark, Executive Director of the Wind Coalition, CREZ “should be recognized as one of the most visionary infrastructure projects ever built in Texas.”12  CREZ funded the constructing of enormous transmission lines linking these wind farms in north Texas to the more highly populated areas around lower east Texas.13  Electric Transmission Texas “built more than one-fifth of the 3,600-mile CREZ system in the past decade.”14  CREZ’s system provides a solution to Texas’s problem of having wind energy in isolated areas with smaller populations and carrying that wind to the more populated towns and