The the State is obliged to “protect the

The world without poverty is the headline of the first
point of Sustainable Development Goal’s proclaimed by the United Nations (UN),
the primary purpose of this first point is to eliminate all forms of poverty in
the world, this point has 7 targets in the process of achieving its primary

2030, eradicating all extreme poverty to anyone and anywhere, which is measured
as a revenue condition of only $ 1.25 per day

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2030, reduce at least half the number of men, women and children living in poverty
line in all dimensions based on national definition

national social security, and by 2030, is expected to cover all poor and

2030, ensuring that all men and women, especially the poor and vulnerable, have
equal rights to economic resources.

2030, building poor community which is resiliance to vulnerable situations such
as climate and shocks, natural disasters, and other socio-economic environment

resources through better development cooperation, provide adequate facilities,
and implement policies and programs in developing and underdeveloped countries
to end all forms of poverty

a policy framework at the national, regional and international levels, based on
a pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategy to support accelerated
investment in poverty alleviation measures

Pancasila and Citizenship Perspective

Preambule of the 1945 Constitution explicitly said that the State is obliged to
the whole nation of Indonesia and the entire blood of Indonesia, promote the
common prosperity, educate the life of the nation and participate in the
implementation of world order based on freedom, eternal peace and social
justice”. And specifically the foundation of the policy of poverty
reduction of the Republic of Indonesia in the 1945 Constitution stated in
several articles:

no. 27, Section no. 2: “Every citizen shall have the right to work and a
livelihood worthy of humanity”

no. 28H Section no. 1: “Every person shall have the right to live in
physical and spiritual prosperity, to live and to have a good and healthy
environment and to be entitled to health care”

no. 28H Section no. 3: “Everyone shall have the right to social security
which enables his complete development as a dignified human being”

no. 31 Section no. 1: “Every citizen is entitled to education”

no. 33 Section no. 2: “Production branches that are important to the state
and which affect the livelihood of the masses are controlled by the state”

no. 34 Section no. 1: “The poor and the abandoned children are kept by the

The juridical foundation which is in line with the policy
of poverty alleviation directly, can be found on:

no. 17/2007 on the National Long Term Development Plan

Regulation No. 7/2004 challenges the National Medium Term Development Plan,
Chapter XVI on Poverty Reduction

no. 11/2005 on the Ratification of the International Convention on Social,
Cultural and Economic Rights

no. 12/2005 on Ratification of the International Covenant on Civil and
Political Rights

no. 39/1999 on Human Rights

Regulation no. 54/2005 on the Poverty Reduction Coordinating Team

In Pancasila’s view, poverty is one of the violations
against the ideals of Pancasila which are contained in every Pancasila points, at least poverty
violates some of the values ??of the sila:

yang Adil dan Beradab (the second precepts), this precepts requires equal justice for every citizen
and the humane treatment of anyone, poverty is one of the conditions in which
there is a gap between the “rich” and the “poor” not only
the economic gap, but the gaps in various aspects of life also increasingly
show an unfavorable injustice by the second principle of Pancasila:

Indonesia (third sila), This
sila wishes for mutual ownership and
mutual care which is manifested in the spirit of mutual assistance and mutual
help. The difference of tribal, religious, racial, or group, as much as
possible does not matter much in communicating among Indonesian citizens.
Poverty in this case is one result of mutual ignorance of the more capable
groups against the weaker classes when compared with them. Those who live in a
group who are able to instead prefer to splurge and spend they money in vain
rather than giving it to people who needs, apathy is what is actually not
desired by the third principle of Pancasila:

Sosial Bagi Seluruh Rakyat Indonesia (fifth sila), This sila
wants a sense of security, comfort, and prosperity that can be enjoyed by all
citizens of any kind. Poverty in this case is one phenomenon that occurs due to
unfair treatment of leaders who are unable to provide welfare to the people. Social
security that should be able to facilitate access of the poor in getting all
the facilities, especially health and education facilities, until now still can
not provide social justice equally to every poor people.