The to the practice of the cultivating, processing

The
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs reports that today’s
world population is 7.2 billion and is expected to increase to 9.6 billion by
2050. 54% of the world’s population lives in cities today, and this number is expected
to reach 66% by 2050. The report notes that India is expected to become the
world’s largest country, passing China around 2028, when both countries will
have populations of 1.45 billion. After that, India’s population will continue
to grow and China’s is expected to start decreasing. Meanwhile, Nigeria’s
population is expected to surpass that of the United States before 2050. Most
of this population increase will take place in developing countries, with
African cities accounting for over half. (UN-DESPD,2013). Therefore, it is
expected that cities be able to involve in Urban agriculture in the quest for
attaining the sustainable development goals of eradicating poverty.

Urban
edible spaces refer to those areas within the urban areas which are not built
upon but rather utilized for greenery especially the cultivation of edible
crops fondly referred to as urban agriculture. (Akinola et al., 2014a). Urban
Agriculture (UA) and Peri-Urban agriculture can be de?ned as the growing,
processing, and distribution of food and other products through plant
cultivation and seldom raising livestock in and around cities for feeding local
populations. (Kulak et al., 2013) Urban agriculture exists in a variety of
forms worldwide. There are various ways how the food is grown, processed and
sold. Production, for example, varies from large-scale plots on private or
corporate property to small-scaled applications for private or public
consumption.

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Urban
agriculture refers to the practice of the cultivating, processing and distributing
food in and around cities (Bailkey and Nasr, 2000) through intensive plants
cultivation, animal husbandry, aquaculture, agroforestry and horticulture
(Hampwaye et al, 2013; Hendrickson and Porth, 2012).

Urban
agriculture therefore, can better be understood as the cultivation, processing,
marketing and distribution of food, forestry and horticultural products that
occur in built-up “intra-urban” areas (Wikipedia, 2017). The popularity of
urban agriculture has increased considerably in the last few years as concerns
about the environment have combined with increased interest in health and
community-building issues, giving rise to Support for food systems in metro
areas as an integral part of a sustainable development path for cities
(Hendrickson and Porth, 2012).

Cities
planners, managers, advocates and practitioners are taking the advantage of the
rise in interest in sustainable local or regional food systems to put into use
large expense of wetlands at their domain into meaningful agricultural practices
to provide food, employment, beauty and alleviate poverty for their timid
populace. This is particular so because wetlands crops have been identi?ed and
mapped to have great potentials for dry season farming activities for crops
such as rice (Oryza Sativa) which could be grown three times in a year, maize
(Zea Mays) four times in a year, yam (Discorea Allata) twice in a year: as well
as Okro (Hibiscus Esculentus), Pepper (Capsicum Annum), poultry farming, market
gardening, ?sh farming, green pastures for grazing animals throughout the year
and raw materials for handcraft (Gasu el al., 2007; Mashi and Ishaya, 2008;
Fadare et al., 2010; Gasu, 2011).

Speci?cally,
urban agriculture could be seen as a food-producing and community driven
activity, for-pro?t, business, and incorporated into sustainable development
goals. It could be small scale to subsidize the income of households and large
scale as agribusiness with Value Chain addition and processing. (Akinola et
al., 2014b). Although some forms of urban and peri-urban agriculture are based
on temporary use of vacant lands, urban agriculture as such is a permanent
feature of many cities in developing as well as developed countries
(Veenhuizen, 2006a).