The African-American Civil Rights Movement refers to a group of activists in the United States targeted at banishing the racial discrimination against Black-Americans and reinstating voting rights mainly in Southern states. It covers the duration of the movement in the early 60s especially in S. America.
By the year 1966, the rise of the Black Power Movement, which took place between1966 and1975, widened the aims of the Civil Rights Movement into racial honor, economic and political satisfaction, and freedom from the hardships by white Americans (Purdan, 2001).
This particular has heavily influenced my personal life, career choice, and the global community, especially the African American community in the United States and other non-African nations
During theCivil Rights Movement, there were numerous instances of civil unrest. During this season, acts of peaceful protests and civil disobedience generated crises between activists and government power.
The federal government, state, the congress, local traders, and communities had to react fast to bring the situation under control. This event laid bare the discriminations faced by blacks in the United States.
There was a remarkable legislative achievement during this period of the Civil Rights Movement, including the passage of Civil Rights Act of 1964 which had a huge impact on black rights in the US. Both racial and religion stigma were the major resultant factors of this party when it came to public employment exercises and acquiring accommodation facilities.
The second significant outcome of this movement was the enactment of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which restored and protected voting rights. The third result was the Immigration and Nationality Services Act of 1965, which instantly allowed entry to the United States for immigrants.
The fourth act was the Fair Housing Act of 1968, which banned discriminations in the right to sale or rent a house. African- Americans resumed politics in South America, and later, this political culture inspired the younger generation across the states (Beito & Beito, 2009).
This Civil Right Movement deprived the Southern Americans of their legal rights to vote, a situation that persisted until a national civil rights legislation was enacted in mid-1960s. When the Democrats took over, they enacted legislation that controlled the voter registration process and this limited the number of African American voters in the polls.
Black voters had no option than be left out of participating in the voting rolls. The number of African American voters reduced drastically making them unable to elect representatives of present our needs in the national meetings and local governments.
The Republican Party, which had all along represented African American interests, reduced in power as voter registration among African Americans was stifled. During this same period when African Americans were denied their rights, the white Democrats forced racial separation by law.
Violence against blacks rose to a situation that left the Southern region unstable socially, economically and politically. The system of dictatorship sanctioned governance, racial discrimination and oppression known as the “Jim Crow” system left many people jobless.
This situation led to the death a number of people who sided with this reform. During this period of civil unrest and violations in the south, African Americans in other regions of the US also received harsh treatment since they exhibited allegiance to the civil rights movement (Frost, 2002).
This event also had a big negative impact on my education career influence and my choice of career path due to the racial segregation. The law of the day led to the separation of government services and social amenities into two: white and colored. Those in the colored domains did not receive enough funding and were always of lesser quality.
There was a rise in the exploitation of the African-Americans with hash economic experiences to the blacks, Latinos, and Asians. We were denied economic opportunities and discriminated during public employment exercises. There existed also individual, military police, organizational, and racial violence against blacks. Many people in the region died while others left homeless and jobless.
The situation for blacks within the South region was worse and pathetic. In most states, they could not afford to vote and have their children educated. Good Schools and Universities were set for the whites leaving the Black Americans with poor learning institutions.
Due to the massive resistance in the south by proponents of racial segregation and voter suppression, the Diasporas increasingly rejected these rules and gradually implemented legalistic methods as the major tool to bring about racism separation. In protest, blacks adopted a combined formula of diverse action with peaceful resistance to overcome this situation.
Racial discrimination is an act of civil right disobedience that offensively denies citizens their rights to serve freely and fairly in the development of the states and the globe at large. Had the Whites give their citizens equal rights to serve in the states then a relatively stable political system could have been achieved.
This stable political system gives citizens equal rights by law to freely mingle and use public resources without any discrimination or racism. People could freely interact between different states without necessarily having a passport as a travel requirement.
Beito, David T., and Beito, Linda R. Howard’s Fight for Civil Rights and Economic Power, 3rd ed. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009.
Frost, Mervyn . Global Civil Society and the Society of Democratic States, NY: Routledge, 2002.
Purdan, Robert. A Journey Through the Sixties, 6th ed. California: Shire Press, 2001.