Table Green Dry Green Dry1995 379.3 421 947

Table 2: Supply and Demand of Green and Dry Fodder(Figures in million tonnes)Year Supply Demand Deficit as % of Demand Green Dry Green Dry Green Dry1995 379.3 421 947 526 59.95 19.952000 384.5 428 988 549 61.10 21.932005 389.9 443 1025 569 61.96 22.082010 395.2 451 1061 589 62.76 23.462015 400.6 466 1097 609 63.50 23.562020 405.9 473 1134 630 64.21 24.812025 411.3 488 1170 650 64.87 24.922030 416.7 503.4 1207.1 670.6 65.45 24.90Source: Vision 2030 (2011), Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi (UP)The concentrates are measured in terms of CP/DCP (Crude protein/Digestible Crude Protein) and TDN (Total Digestible Nutrients). IGFRI, Jhansi estimated the require-ment and availability and till 2030. Requirement and availability can be seen in Ta-ble 3.Table 3: Availability, Requirement & Deficit of Crude Protein (CP) & Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN) including CP & TDN from concentrates (Figures in million tonnes)Year Requirement Availability Deficit (%) CP TDN CP TDN CP TDN2000 44.49 321.29 30.81 242.42 30.75 24.552005 46.12 333.11 32.62 253.63 29.27 23.862010 47.76 344.93 34.18 262.02 28.44 24.042015 49.39 356.73 35.98 273.24 27.15 23.412020 51.04 368.61 37.50 281.23 26.52 23.702025 52.68 380.49 39.31 292.45 25.38 23.142030 54.37 392.70 41.20 304.11 24.22 23.32Source: Vision 2030 (2011), Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi (UP)In animal feed supply, coarse cereals have a major role and these account for about 17 per cent of the total cereals (Table 4). Production of these cereals is hovering around 40 million tonnes. Maize accounts for around 55 per cent of the total coarse cereals produced in the India. Most of the coarse cereals in the developed countries are mainly used for cattle feed and some of the cereals like barley are used in breweries. However, in India their use is mainly for direct consumption mostly by poor in the villages.Table 4: Production of Coarse Cereals in India (2008-09 to 2014-15)(Figures in million tonnes)Crops 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15Jowar 7.3 6.7 7.0 6.0 5.3 5.5 5.4Bajra 8.9 6.5 10.4 10.3 8.7 9.3 9.2Maize 19.7 16.7 21.7 21.8 22.3 24.3 24.2Ragi 2.0 1.9 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.9 2.1Small Millets 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4Barley 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.6Coarse Cereals 40.0 33.6 43.4 42.1 40.1 43.3 42.9Total Cereals 219.9 203.5 226.3 242.2 238.8 245.8 234.9Coarse cereals % to total cereals 18.2 16.5 19.2 17.4 16.8 17.6 18.3Maize % to total coarse cereals 49.3 49.8 50.1 51.7 55.6 56.1 56.4Source: Directorate of Economics & Statistics, DARE, MoA, GOIConcentrates are fed to the livestock as production ration by the livestock owners and is commonly not fed when the livestock is not giving any income. In concentrates, coarse cereals have a major role. Maize accounts for around 56 percent of the total coarse cereals produced in the India. It is used as livestock as well as poultry feed in large scale.Concentrates are made at home by mixing different grains and other ingredients as well as are available in the market. There are three sources for concentrates: 1. Home-mixers,2. Dairy cooperatives; and3. Private sector manufacturers of compound cattle feedCommercial production of cattle feed is about 6 million tonnes and is expected to grow at an average annual rate of 4 per cent for the next three to five years (CLFMA, 2015). At this growth rate, there will still be supply and demand gap. Cooperatives have set up feed processing plants with the support of NDDB. The feed production from cooperatives is about 2.5 million tonnes per year (Table 8).Table 5: Sector wise Compound Feed Production (2010-11) (Figures in million tonnes)Sector Compound feed production Private Sector 1.2Co-operative Sector 2.5Unorganized Sector 1.8Source: Livestock Industry Report (2015), CLFMA of India