Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18, in my opinion, was a short but powerful poem. In the first line, ”Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” A question is asked which is answered throughout the rest of the poem. This is a comparison between poet’s loved one and a summer day. Poet then declares that love he is feeling for his loved one is more permanent.
”Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm’d;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,”
In these lines, he states that summer is affected by the winds and he also says that not every day of summer is hot and lively. He says that ”too hot the eye of heaven shines” ”and often is his gold complexion dimm’d” the eye of heaven is obviously sun. The sun may be covered with the sun in summer so that its rays don’t reach the surface of the earth as much. This shows how summer is fluxional. However, later in the poem, the poet declares that ”But thy eternal summer shall not fade” this is to show that the love he is feeling is not comparable to summer anymore. It has become superior to summer itself. ”Nor shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade” here he says that even the death cannot separate him from his lover, let alone the eventual change of summer and winds that taint it. This is another indication that the love he is feeling is superior to summer. ”When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
”So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.”
In the last two lines, he closes the sale saying that as long as humanity continues and men read this poem their love will be immortalized and become one with the time itself, unaffected by death. Their love will forever live on.
The oft-repeated themes of the Shakespeare’s Sonnets are definitely endless love and how it is not bonded with time and shall live on forever.
Love’s not Time’s fool, though rosy lips and cheeks
This is a line from Sonnet 116 and we can see that time and love is used together once more. Shakespeare believes that the love is endless. Even the beauty and all the material things in the world fades, love does not.
Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,
But bears it out even to the edge of doom.
Love which is felt for a loved one is truly limitless. It not limited to either time or death. He believes that so deeply that in his last lines he states that if this is proved to be wrong, he says that he has never written a word nor a man has never fallen in love.
If this be error and upon me proved,
I never writ, nor no man ever loved.
Analyze the figures of speech (simile, metaphor, etc.) in “I wandered lonely as a cloud.”
”I wandered lonely as a cloud”
This is a personification. Cloud is given human attributes because being lonely is a human virtue, clouds do not travel alone because of the gravity.
”When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils; ”
Personification; Poet resembles daffodils to a crowd of people.
Metaphor: Yellow colour compared to the gold.
“Beside the lake, beneath the trees”
Alliteration: Sound ”Be” is used repetitively.
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Another personification; This is a comparison of daffodils to dancing humans.
”Continuous as the stars that shine”
Simile. Daffodils are resembled to stars which shine in the heavens.
They stretched in never-ending line
Hyperbole; Poet exaggerates what he sees.
Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.
Personification: Daffodils are resembled to humans tossing their heads.
The waves beside them danced;
Personification: It is impossible for waves to ”dance” hence poet here gives a nature element human attributes.
And then my heart with pleasure fills,
And dances with the daffodils.
Personification: His heart ”dances” with the daffodils.