Saddam system eventually insolvent mostly due to the

Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (/h??se?n/;5 Arabic: ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ?add?m ?usayn ?Abd al-Ma??d al-Tikr?t?;a 28 April 1937b – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.10 A leading member of the revolutionary Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party, and later, the Baghdad-based Ba’ath Party and its regional organization the Iraqi Ba’ath Party—which espoused Ba’athism, a mix of Arab nationalism and socialism—Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup (later referred to as the 17 July Revolution) that brought the party to power in Iraq.As vice president under the ailing General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, and at a time when many groups were considered capable of overthrowing the government, Saddam created security forces through which he tightly controlled conflicts between the government and the armed forces. In the early 1970s, Saddam nationalized oil and foreign banks leaving the system eventually insolvent mostly due to the Iran–Iraq War, the Gulf War, and UN sanctions.11 Through the 1970s, Saddam cemented his authority over the apparatus of government as oil money helped Iraq’s economy to grow at a rapid pace. Positions of power in the country were mostly filled with Sunni Arabs, a minority that made up only a fifth of the population.citation neededSaddam formally rose to power in 1979, although he had already been the de facto head of Iraq for several years. He suppressed several movements, particularly Shi’a and Kurdish movements, which sought to overthrow the government or gain independence,12 and maintained power during the Iran–Iraq War and the Gulf War. Whereas some in the Arab world lauded Saddam for opposing the United States and attacking Israel1314—he was widely condemned for the brutality of his dictatorship. The total number of Iraqis killed by the security services of Saddam’s government in various purges and genocides is conservatively estimated to be 250,000.15 Saddam’s invasions of Iran and Kuwait also resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths. He acquired the title “Butcher of Baghdad”.3161718In 2003, a coalition led by the U.S. invaded Iraq to depose Saddam, in which U.S. President George W. Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair falsely accused him of possessing weapons of mass destruction and having ties to al-Qaeda. Saddam’s Ba’ath party was disbanded and elections were held. Following his captureon 13 December 2003, the trial of Saddam took place under the Iraqi Interim Government. On 5 November 2006, Saddam was convicted by an Iraqi court of crimes against humanity related to the 1982 killing of 148 Iraqi Shi’a, and sentenced to death by hanging. His execution was carried out on 30 December 2006.19Contents  hide 1Early life2Rise to power2.1Political program2.2Succession2.2.11979 Ba’ath Party Purge3Paramilitary and police organizations4Political and cultural image5Foreign affairs5.1Iran–Iraq War5.2Al-Anfal Campaign5.3Tensions with Kuwait6Gulf War7Postwar period7.1International relations and sanctions on Iraq8Invasion of Iraq in 20039Incarceration and trial9.1Capture and incarceration9.2Trial10Execution11Marriage and family relationships12Philanthropic connection to the city of Detroit, Michigan13List of government and party positions held14See also15Notes16References17Further reading18External links