“Saansad of basic infrastructures like roads, bridges, power,

“Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana is a
tool for good governance”

Bhushan Kumar C A*

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Scholar, Department of
Studies and Research in
Social Work, Tumkur University Tumakuru, Karnataka. 9886988029 [email protected]

Dr.Parashurama K G**

Professor and Chairman, Department of
Studies and Research in
Social Work, Tumkur University, Tumakuru, Karnataka. [email protected]




 Good Governance is prerequisite for
democracy. Such governance includes some factors such as transparency,
accountability, rule of law and people’s participation. India is a
country of great diversity with varied culture, dissimilar lifestyles,
languages and population, and states having different levels of social and
economic development. The wellbeing of a community depends upon the choices
made by the people and granted by the authority. Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana is
unique and transformative as holistic approach towards development. It
envisages integrated development of the selected village across multiple areas
such as agriculture, health, education, sanitation, environment, livelihoods
etc.  Far beyond mere infrastructure
development, Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana aims at instilling certain values such
as people’s participation, gender equity, dignity of women, social justice,
spirit of community service, cleanliness,  maintaining ecological balance, peace and
harmony, mutual cooperation, self-reliance, local self- government,
transparency and accountability in public life, etc., in the villages and their
people so that they get transformed into models for others. Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana has significant
role on good governance and holistic development.

Key words: Governance, Transparency, Holistic Approach





“Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana is a
tool for good governance”


Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana is a  programme broadly focusing upon the
development in the villages which includes social development, cultural
development and spread motivation among the people on social mobilization of
the village community. The Yojana aims to keep the soul of rural India alive
while providing its people with quality access to basic amenities and opportunities
to enable them to sharp their own destiny.

The Saansad Adarsh Gram
Yojana, unlike other Schemes, does not look at the beneficiaries are receivers
and the Government as the doer. The Yojana aims to empower the villagers to
make choices and provide them with opportunities to exercise those choices. The
Scheme carries plan that gives direction and meaning to the activities
undertaken under SAGY.  Strengthening of
local democracy through strong and transparent Gram Panchayats and active Gram
Sabhas and facilitating good governance are some of the important objectives of
the Scheme.

Features of Good Governance:

Ø  Good
education facilities

Ø  Development
of basic infrastructures like roads, bridges, power, telecom, irrigation and

Ø  Safety
of public life, property, peaceful law and order,

Ø  Creating
new employment opportunities

Ø  Effectiveness
and efficiency of working environment

Ø  Reducing

Ø  Providing
liberty to people

Ø  Good
market environment and

Ø  Citizen
centric services.

Objectives of
Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana:

The main objectives of Saansad Adarsh Gram
Yojana are:

1)      To
trigger processes which lead to holistic development of the identified Gram

2)      To
substantially improve the standard of living and quality of life of all
sections of the rural    society through

Improved basic amenities


Enhanced human development

Better livelihood opportunities

Reduced disparities

Access to rights and entitlements

Wider social mobilization

Enriched social capital

3)      To
generate models of local level development and effective local governance which
can   motivate and inspire neighbouring
Gram Panchayats to learn and adapt.

4)      To
nurture the identified Adarsh Grams as schools of local development to train
other Gram Panchayats.

  In order to achieve the objectives, Saansad
Adarsh Gram Yojana would be guided by
the following approach:

Leveraging the leadership, capacity, commitment and use the energy of the
Members of Parliament (MP) to develop model Gram Panchayats.

2.  Engaging with and mobilizing the community for
participatory local level development.

Converging different government programmes, private and voluntary initiatives
to achieve comprehensive development in tune with people’s aspirations and
local potential.

Building partnerships with voluntary organizations, co-operatives, academic and
research institutions.

5.   Focusing on outcomes and sustainability.

Values of Saansad
Adarsh Gram Yojana:

Far beyond mere infrastructure
development, SAGY aims at instilling certain values in the villages and their
people so that they get transformed into models for others. These values include:

Adopting people’s participation as an end in itself – ensuring the
involvement of all sections of society in all aspects related to the life of
village, especially in decision making related to  governance

 Adhering to
Antyodaya – enabling the “poorest and the weakest person” in the village to achieve

Affirming gender equality and ensuring respect for women

Guaranteeing social justice

 Instilling dignity
of labour and the spirit of community service and volunteerism

 Promoting a
culture of cleanliness

 Living in
consonance with nature – ensuring a balance between development and ecology

 Preserving and
promoting local cultural heritage

 Inculcating mutual
cooperation, self-help and self-reliance

 Fostering peace
and harmony in the village community

 Bringing about
transparency, accountability and probity in public life

 Nurturing local

Adhering to the values enshrined in the Fundamental Rights and
Fundamental Duties of the Indian Constitution

Selection of
village under Saansad
Adarsh Gram Yojana:

             The Members of Parliament
(MPs) are the pivots for this scheme will run on. Gram Panchayat would be the
basic unit for development. It will have a population of 3000-5000 in plain
areas and 1000-3000 in hilly, tribal and difficult areas. In districts where
this unit size is not available, Gram Panchayats approximating the desirable
population size may be chosen.The MP would be free to identify a suitable Gram
Panchayat for being developed as Adarsh Gram, other than his/her own village or
that of his/her spouse. The MP will identify one Gram Panchayat to be taken up
immediately, and two others to be taken up a little later. Lok Sabha MP has to
choose a Gram Panchayat from within his/her constituency and Rajya Sabha MP, a
Gram Panchayat from the rural area of a district of his/her choice in the State
from which he/she is elected. Nominated MPs may choose a Gram Panchayat from
the rural area of any district in the country. In the case of urban
constituencies, (where there are no Gram Panchayats), the MP will identify a
Gram Panchayat from a nearby rural constituency.




plan under Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana:

The situation analysis presents the current status of the
Gram Panchayat. The Village Development Plan represents the current situation
needs to be changed towards the collective vision of the people. This includes

1. Infrastructure

Infrastructure which deals with the four vital
components of infrastructure i.e. Road, Telecom & Information Technology,
Irrigation & Energy Sources.

2. Civic and other Amenities

It focused on Housing , Drinking water , Sanitation ,Streetlights,
Sports and recreation, Parks and other amenities , Banks and postal services
,Common Service Centres , Burning and burial grounds ,Public transport , Public
distribution system.

3. Human Development

Human Development focus on three parameters that includes
Health, Education & Poverty. Health
includes nutrition and sanitation. Education includes early childhood care, school and higher
education. Poverty includes the
institutions of poor and service delivery at the local level.

4. Social Development

Social development
assessing the access to entitlements and inequitable development of different
sections of society especially vulnerable sections i.e. SC, ST, Disabled
persons, Aged, Women and youth and social evils that plague the society at

5. Economic Development

Economic Development focus on improvement in the quality
of life in any society, available economic resources, income of the people and employment
opportunities in the village.

6. Ecology & Environment

Ecology & Environment Development focus on providing
income and items of consumptions for the people directly and impact on ecology
and environment influencing others spheres of life in indirect way.



7. Governance

Governance focus on functioning of service
delivery institutions like Anganwadis, School, Hospital, Gram Panchayat, Common
Service Centre, Banks & other public institutions.  

The most important part
of the situation analysis is that it should prioritise the needs and problems
of the Panchayat, emerging from the data and validated by the community and
then finally in the Gram Sabha. While prioritising, criteria such as intensity
of need, acceptance by the people, level of impact (area, number of
beneficiaries etc.), availability of affordable technology, existence of
capacity for execution, value for money, fund availability etc. need to be

Good governance under Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana:

The aims and
strategies for good governance under SAGY are as follows.

Strengthening Gram Panchayats:

Strengthening local democracy and improving capacity
of Gram Panchayats to perform their functions particularly in relation to
public service delivery.

Ø  Providing basic infrastructure for Gram
Panchayats like Panchayat Bhavan, computers etc

Ø   Capacity
building of elected functionaries and officials

Ø   Activating Standing Committees of Panchayats

Ø  Creating Functional Committees and vitalizing
participatory fora like Watershed Committees, Village Health and Sanitation
Committees, PTAs etc.

Social Audit:

Half yearly Social Audit of all
components done by the Gram Sabha.

Ø  Rope in Social Audit Unit (SAU) of the State to
facilitate the Gram Sabha of the GP in conducting a social audit

Ø   Information collected above to be shared with
the members of the community, SHG members, Village Resource Persons, District
Resource Persons of the SAU 15 days prior to the Social Audit being conducted

Ø  Conducting a 100% house to house verification to
verify the records with individual testimonies

Ø   Recording
of individual testimonies and grievances in writing during the verification

Ø   Conduct
of a Social Audit, Gram Sabha where findings of the social audits are read out
in front of the Gram Sabha which shall be attended by functionaries from the
implementing agencies, independent observers etc where decisions will be taken
on each of the findings read out

Pro-active disclosure

Pro-active disclosure
of all information pertaining to the implementation of the programme in the
public domain. Identify the following categories of information pertaining to
all programmes/ interventions that are being made in the selected gram
Panchayat through the SAGY:

Ø   Job chart of functionaries responsible for
carrying out duties with their designations and contact details

Ø   Pre requisites to be identified as a
beneficiary under the programme/ intervention

Ø   Norms
of delivery of benefit including service standards

Ø   List
of beneficiaries of the programme/intervention in the GP

Ø   Amount
of benefit/amount allocated to each beneficiary

Ø   Order of prioritization of the beneficiaries

Ø   Item
wise approved budget and expenditure for the scheme in the GP

Ø   Statement of records held by the Department
concerned at the Block and District Level

Ø  Name
and contact details of Project Implementing Agency (PIA)

Collate this information for the GP and
ensure its disclosure through wall paintings, notice boards and public places
in the GP.

Timely grievance redressal

Ensure redressal of all grievances faced
by citizens within a well defined time period.

Ø  All
inhabitants of the selected village will be able to submit their complaints in
writing to the Panchayat and be entitled to a dated receipt

Ø  Gram
Panchayat to remain open everyday to receive complaints from members of the

Ø  Gram
Panchayat to submit the grievances received to concerned departments for

Ø  Concerned
departments to ensure that the complainant receives a written response to the
grievance submitted by him/her stating the decision taken and outcome of the
grievance submitted within 21 days

Ø  Panchayats
may also put in place regular public hearings where grievances will be heard
and redressed in the public domain.

Time bound service delivery in line with
Department’s Citizens Charter

It aims at time bound service delivery
in line with citizens charter and E-Governance to improve quality of service

Ø   Develop a
Citizens Charter of the scheme which shall mandatorily include key services,
job charts and service standards

Ø  Communicate and disseminate the contents of the
charter to all community members

Ø   Ensure
regular and punctual attendance of government and panchayat staff

Ø   Facilitate citizens in filing grievances where
services are not provided to citizens within the prescribed time frame and
ensure its redressal

Ø   Provision
of computers to the Gram Panchayat

Ø  Introduction of E-Governance applications like
PRIASoft, PLANPLUS, NREGASoft, AwaasSoft and GIS based applications for local
planning and mobile based applications for monitoring programmes and grievance

Ø   Capacity
building for E-Governance

Holding of Gram Sabha, Mahila Sabha and
Bal Sabha

Participatory decision making through
regular (at least once a quarter), inclusive and transparent gram sabhas,
mahila sabhas and bal sabhas.

Ø  Create awareness amongst people about importance
of participatory platforms for people to make decisions

Ø   Conduct
special women gram sabhas (Mahila Sabhas) to deliberate on issues relating to
women and child development and priority issues such as sanitation

Ø   Conduct
special children’s gram sabha (Bal Sabha) to discuss issues of their education,
recreation and safety

Ø  Encourage elected representatives, MPs, MLAs to
attend the Gram Sabhas

Ø  Encourage SHG Women to participate and organise
women to attend Gram Sabhas

The success of SAGY will depend upon
certain preconditions that may include following:

a. The role of gram panchayat

b. Positive synergetic and cordial
convergences of all schemes/programmes

c. The better implementation of Village Development



Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) is
inspired by ideals of Mahatma Gandhi whose concept of rural development
revolves around creating model villages for transforming ‘SWARAJ’ into ‘SU-RAJ’
that means Good governance. Development is also a process of social change.
Effective Social mobilization strengthens participation of rural poor in local
decision-making, improves their access to social and production services and
efficiency in the use of locally available financial resources, and enhances
the opportunities for asset-building. As part of analysis of governance, the
functioning of Gram Sabha has explained in detail, with reference to powers and
functions, frequency of meetings, level of participation, decision making,
follow up of decisions, etc. Suggestions on strengthening of Gram Sabha need to
emerge from all sections of society.



Gandhi, M, K. (2015): Inspiring Thoughts
of Mahatma Gandhi, Compiled by MeeraJohri, Rajpal and Sons, Delhi.

Gandhi, M, K. (1954): Sarvodaya – The
Welfare of All, Navajivan Publishing House, Ahmedabad.

GoI. (2014): SaansadAdarsh Gram Yojana
Guidelines, Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, New Delhi.

Kumar S.B. (2008) Overview of Good Governance in
Third Concept –An International Journal of Ideas, Vol-22.

Douglas C. (1990), Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance,
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.