Provision of Re-union after Partition of Joint Family under Hindu Law

The Supreme Court has pointed out in Bhagwan Dayal v. Mst. Reoti Devi, 1962 (1) SCJ 348 (Subbarao J.), that for a re-union there should be an express or implied agreement between the parties to become re-united in estate.

In that case A had become divided from his brother B. In the branch of  there were 4 sons of  who had also become divided one from the other. A, and Ñ and D (two of the sons of B) started a trade and acquired properties. The question was whether A, Ñ and D had become re-united in which case the property would be joint family property with right of survivorship. Otherwise it would be property owned by A and the two sons of  as tenants-in-common.

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A and then Ñ died. D claimed the property by survivorship while C’s widow claimed C’s share. The Supreme Court held that there was not sufficient evidence to show that the uncle and nephews consciously entered into an agreement to re-unite and become members of a joint Hindu family.

The burden of proof is upon the party who sets up reunion to establish affirmatively an agreement for re-union. Further, A and 2 out of the 4 members of B’s branch cannot constitute a coparcenary. So any acquisitions by them cannot be impressed with the incidents of coparcenary property.