One of the article that I researched

of the article that I researched this week was Behrendt (2016) Self-preservation at the Center of
Personality: Superego and Ego Ideal in the Regulation of Safety. The article’s main basic premise seems to assert how
multifaceted human personality is and how it derives from such deeply rooted
socially and culturally developed structures that work to maintain one’s sense
of security and safety, factors that can lead to addiction and/or recovery
likelihood. In essence, the text echoes much of what Horney’s theory firmly
suggested about anxiety versus safety and also affirms how Horney was a major
pioneer in mental health studies, with ideas applicable to addiction counseling.
The author strongly insists that much of addiction counseling and recovery work
should address trauma work and looking at “resolving painful childhood
experiences that dysregulated people” (p. 62), notions that permeated Horney’s
conceptions about anxiety, neuroticism, and other personality components. This
article also urges more “Gender responsive treatments were developed to address
the unique challenges that men
and women face in recovery” (p. 62), akin to Horney’s work on feminine

Mixed methods research types were used in the study. The
author also uses examples from case studies with his clients to augment his
main points. The author’s position statement argued that the new and current
paradigm for recovery counseling and addiction therapeutic approaches seeks to
treat “addiction as a chronic illness like hypertension instead of viewing it
as an acute medical problem like a broken leg or traumatic head injury. It
follows then that recovery is about developing, integrating, and implementing a
program that would help people manage their ongoing vulnerability to addiction”
(p 62).

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The strength of the author’s position statement is quite
robust, considering that the writer contends how Horney’s personality theories
definitely impacted this area of work as “We pay a huge price for this shift in
our growth force. As Dr. Karen Horney noted, the development of the phony self
is always at the expense of the true self (1991). We lose ourselves to protect
ourselves and to ensure or existence. What a paradox” (p. 63)!

The validity of the study gains immense impact from the
author’s clinical case studies and examples. It offers a highly personal
account to the myriad of research, but more citations could improve the overall
validity and accurately of the research measures. The sources used were also
quite outdated, from the 1990s and 1970s, in particular.

On the other hand, some revisions that I would make to
the position statement to make it stronger would not just to look at men versus
women but also LGBT members, since many of the gender lines and identifies are
not so rigid, as Berger seems to maintain within addiction and recovery

Finally, as America
presently struggles to combat the massive opiate epidemic and war on drugs
nationally and globally, the contemporary relevance of the research is eminent.
The author reinforces how “This means that the goal of therapy is to liberate
the constructive forces
of the real self, which will result in a more integrated, more appropriately
organized personality that functions better under any condition whatsoever” (p.