One dominant personalities will use authority, and/or political

One could argue, groupthink
is one of “the most well-known theoretical models for decision making” FIND A REFERENCE. Groupthink arises when clusters of policymakers pursue
“conformity and consensus at the expense of exploring different policy options” FIND A REFERENCE. This model argues that dominant
personalities will use authority, and/or political influence to overshadow
opposing alternatives. For example, “the Bay of Pigs invasion organized by the
Eisenhower administration, but was accepted by the Kennedy administration” (
YourDictionary, n.d.) they were convinced that Castro’s army
was weak and “ignored questioning whether the Central Intelligence Agency
information was accurate” ( YourDictionary, n.d.). Also, objections
were suppressed or overruled. Moreover, according to Irving Janis “when decisions are impacted by
groupthink, consequences are bound to happen such as, objectives not being precisely
defined; alternative actions are not fully examined” (Roberst
Jackson, 2016).
This can happen “directly or indirectly” because
it is challenging to speak truth to power. For this reason, groupthink contributes
relevant analysis to international politics, since, one of the crucial matters
in groupthink is it happens more frequently when “there is not a clear
procedure and has a tendency to generate “direct pressure on dissenters” (Roberst Jackson, 2016) hence, leaving “dominant
personalities” (Research Paper, n.d.) to take control. In addition,
groupthink “causes us to treasure harmony and consensus above independent
judgment”  (Ethicsunwrapped, 2017) that potentially
could be considered as unethical behavior. At
the same time, this model indisputably highlights problems with producing
foreign policy it argues that the decision-making process is made by decision
makers “who are reluctant”(FIND REFERENCE) to put forward different strategies
that could potentially be effective, simply because “members feel inclined to
avoid deviation from group consensus, and minimize” (Robert
Jackson, 2016)
the chance of “discrepancy from the leadership. Groupthink
also contains elements of ‘individualism in the theoretical model’ since the
concept of the individual leader’s personality traits is dominant and very
apparent within groupthink. Above all, groupthink relies on the idea, that decision makers rarely raise differing
tactics, even if those tactics are superior. Yet, this is still linked to the notion of “individual leaders placing severe
constraints on exploring different information and alternatives” (FIND A REFERENCE). Even so, “group think is not only
to better explain misguided foreign policies; it is to know how to avoid the
next”.( straight from
the book)