One of the many complex questions in today’s society is deciding when a fetus isconsidered a human being. This is a very controversial topic and needs to be spoken about publically, especially in regards to abortion rights. If the fetus is a human at the time of conception, it would prove immorality behind the act of abortion. Some people believe that a fetus is not alive until a certain level of cognitive ability, which has gained much support resulting, in abortion being widely accessible and endorsed in our modern society. In order to determine whether or not a fetus is alive at conception, we will discuss the medical, religious and legal arguments behind life and when it begins. Also the reasons why women have abortions in the first place.Physicians are still divided on this issue. On one hand, an unborn fetus is alive while on the other hand it is not alive until it can think. The unborn have human DNA and blood types. During development, the unborn never go from “non-human” to human. Medical reasons such as impending miscarriages, birth defects, and a danger to a woman’s health are why doctors recommend abortion. But how does a person who pledges to be a healer turn their back and become an executioner? Abortion doctors mention the struggle and horror of having to kill a fetus but still continue to perform abortions.. An abortionist named Susan Robinson says how other doctors view abortionists as “the lowest of the low” and also mentions that abortionists are not respected, but made to feel irrelevant. A retired abortionist, Donald A. Rose shares his experience with other women who wanted to have abortions for reasons that were convincing for him until he performed one. “Once I tore perfectly formed upper and lower extremities from the fetus’s torso in the uterus… I’d been killing babies for the convenience of the parents. I made a 180 degree turn and have discontinued doing abortions.” Many doctors just like Dr.Rose have discontinued due to the lack of respect from pro-life advocators. Fewer and fewer medical students are learning how to perform abortions.From a religious viewpoint, the Pope John Paul the II’s Encyclical states, “You shall not kill a child by abortion nor shall you kill it once it is born”. He also mentions that women who have already gone through abortion can give themselves over with humility and trust to repentance. People seeking abortion should not to give in to discouragement but to understand and face their situation honestly. The Catholic Church has always believed that abortion is a grave evil. The current Pope Francis believes that the unborn are sacred and should be protected. However, he thinks that priests should absolve women who confess the sin of abortion if they seek forgiveness with a contrite heart. However Major religious groups positions on abortion vary. In Buddhism, if the unborn child is mentally unstable or can cause serious problems for the family, then abortion is an exception. In Hinduism, the Atharva Veda describes abortionists as the greatest of sinners. Gandhi quotes, “It seems tome clear as daylight that abortion would be a crime.”. In Islam, the teachings are that life starts when conception occurs and is therefore sacred. Lastly in Judaism, Maimonides who was a 12 century interpreter said that anyone who is a descendant of Noah and kills a human being, even a fetus, is to be put to death. In my Baptist religion, our views on abortion are the same as those of Catholics except there is under no circumstance why a woman should have an abortion. My family believes that the gift of life is sacred and every unbron child has an oppurtunity or calling in life from God.. Every unborn baby that is killed, is a grave sin. Legally, the law seems to inconsistent, ambiguous, and contradictory. If a person were to kill a pregnant woman, he would be charged with 2nd degree murder. However, if a woman were to have an abortion, she would not be charged with murder. A perfect example of this is the Scott Peterson case. In 2004, Scott Peterson was charged with first degree murder for killing his pregnant wife then later charged with 2nd degree murder for killing her unborn child. In 1971, Roe v Wade was a court case that legalized abortion. Jane Roe who was told by her friends that she should lie and say that she was raped in order to have an abortion because Texas did not allow abortions.The case lasted three years and the decision was made in 1973. The court ruled that individual state laws that ban abortion are unconstitutional. The court also recognized the rights of a woman’s privacy and it is her decision to have an abortion or not. After the legislation over 58 million abortions nationwide have taken place. In 2017 alone over 1 million have occurred. The Alan Guttmacher Institute surveyed over 1,000 women who had abortions in 1987. The survey was used to see the reasons for abortions. Reasons such as rape or incest, health problems, has had all children she wanted and etc. were all listed. However the main reasons that were chosen the most were not ready, relationship problems, concerned about baby changing their life and too immature. People have come to believe that abortion is perhaps the solution to the overpopulation crisis, when actually it has only caused detrimental effects to the human race. Recently the house just passed the ban on Abortion after 20 weeks. While this may be helpful, the question is, will abortion ever be illegal? This controversial topic will forever remain a debate and the hope for a solid agreement is very low. However, one thing that can be agreed on is the fact that day after day babies are dying due to abortion. People are starting to abuse abortion and just do it freely not truly understanding the risks. While a mother may not be in the best position to take care of the child, having an abortion is questionable if that is the solution to the “problem”. It could be argued that having an abortion could save the life of the woman, but another could argue is it just an excuse to not have a baby. But at the same time the question remains, “When is the fetus a human being?”.