Goals and objectives are two common words with almost the same features. This is because, it is must that every individual to have strategies and destination. Every country in the world has to launch a better way of helping and showing concern on women and other minor groups in the society.
Women in Kenya have began to campaign for their freedom, equality, chances to work in most high ranks, participation in development forums, on development forums, community development and also forming organizations to make them more empowered in the society. Women in Kenya have also established better methods of eradicating poverty in the country through organizing food security campaign. Additionally they play a great role in Kenya through making maternal health care facilities to be improved, which is achieved through pushing the government to purchase modern equipment In order to reduce rate of mortality during birth.
Women development goals for the Kenyan women has been made successful by the supportive government agenda towards appreciation of women in the community. The government has established commissions to deal with women issues and also giving them financial assistance to facilitated their own projects. Women in Kenya have also created a room for most neglected person and children in the community such as orphans, widows and the peoples leaving with HIV aids. Furthermore Kenyan women are in the first line fighting for the environmental conservation through planting of trees a rounding the home compounds, forests and recreation area.
Millennium development goals for the women in Kenya have been given a lot of support from non governmental organizations (NGO) and United Nation (UN) in order to achieve these goals within period of time or before 2015. This project analysis has to focus on most on how to achieve these millennium development goals for women with the targeted line in 2015. Similarly, it is further discussing indicators of achieving millennium goals. However, since Kenya achieved the independence women have been lacking behind because, most of views where undermined by traditional customs.
The millennium development goals
This is one of the goals, which have been set up by the Kenyan women to achieve the millennium goals 2015. Gender equality can be achieved through ensuring that resources are available to the less fortune women in the society which results into large magnification. Additionally, women can achieve gender equality by means of involving themselves in economic activities such as agricultural sectors, public works, finance and other more beneficial activities. Women in Kenya have also been empowered through World Bank. It is not only empowerment of women only but also the girls in the community. World bank has made it every simple to generate and improve economic status of women which help to reduce the rate of poverty.
Gender equality is to improve social important aspect to reduce the number of poorest people in the community. Additionally, girls must be educated in order to have a value to get high rank jobs. In addition, gender equality can be achieved through increasing the number of women labor and supporting labor polices which affect women. Women can be achieve gender equality through improving accessibility of loans, lands and other resources which can improve the living standard of women Makueni. Millennium development goals in gender equality can be achieved through encouraging women to join in political goals.
Millennium goals can be achieved through empowerment of women in Kenya. Women can be empowered by appreciating their presence in the community (Wainaina, 2009). The government has done a great work of mobilizing women to form organizations and Sacco in order to attain their goals. For instance Kenyan women have established Faulu Bank as one of their achievement in millennium development goals. Women empowerment in Kenya has also been facilitated through international support offered to them in form of financial aids. Women form groups which enable the government and other non organizations to be able to reach even interior places where women seem to be isolated from national cake. This enables women to involve themselves in most of development programs, which can lead to achieve millennium goal (Wainaina, 2009).
Gender equality between men and women has become very difficulty to define in Makueni, but with efforts made by the county government and other organizations have made it more effective. It has become a challenge to achieve gender equality and empowerment due to violence and discrimination against Kenyan women and girls although it is a worldwide campaign to achieve millennium development goals. Women and girls it is their time to pull up their socks to push this goal to the front line in order to make them achievable. Men in Kenya feel not to be ruled by the women thus it has become a big challenge to gender equality.
To achieve gender equality in millennium development goals, everyone must accept to move on towards reducing discrimination and poverty hence, promoting sanitation, provision of safe drinking water, providing education to all genders, and promotion of health facilities without discrimination to both gender (Kiriti-Ng’ang’a 2011).
Gender equality to women has empowered progress on enrolment in school. This encourages good pay and having women to have ranks in the national parliament. This enables the women to draw international/global attention towards achieving millennium development goals. Kenyan women have to come up with programs to enable them to achieve this goals before the duration expire on 2015. Millennium development goals are the world objective which has been set in order to help women and girls to feel equal to men through law and bill of rights. This is because in all individuals are equal, thus is it the mandate of women to make this goals achievable. Thus, education is a necessity to women and girls at large (Darvas& Balwanz, 2014).
Poverty eradication and hunger
Women in Kenya have worked hard to achieve the first goal of millennium development goal. In Kenya many people live in conditions of hunger and poverty that made them to take action that will lead to a life of dependence and enable them to work hard in order to be able to meet their own needs and build favorable future for their children. Women in Kenya have interact with other inelegance people from other countries whereby, they have gained skills, methods and confidence needed for them to take character– confidence actions. Women have also trained men and other women to gain those skills that are required to eradicate poverty and hunger. Ladies have worked together with local government and build groups to help others countries in the world to gain access to resources that that are helping in their live.
Access to credit
Women in Kenya have ensured that they access the hunger project microfinance program that train and save to empower women food famers who grow household crops. This program enable women to access to credit programs increases their food production, increase in income and savings. To become microfinance program participants, they have deposited a certain percentage of their loan in to a saving account that enables them to create a strong culture of savings within country and they use their new wealth to improve the education, health and nutrition of their families.
In addition, women in Kenya has joined hunger project trainings and workshops that contribute to building confidence that set people’s mind from dependence to self – reliance. Women in Kenya felt more empowered when they get experiences from hunger project training where by they acquire knowledge to solve their own problems and make a difference in the country.
Investing in agriculture
Women in Kenya have increased their income through investing in agriculture, which is done through growing cash crops. In Kenya, women have formed women groups with the intention of assisting each other through contributions of a certain amount of money this is done to empower women to decide what to buy that is more fruitful to them. Frequently, women buy livestock such as goats and cattle that in future they sell the younger ones as a source of money. Through this, many women, use that money to build their homes and eradicate poverty. In addition, they use the amount of money to buy foods that enable them to eradicate hunger from they children and be able to pay school fees to them (Darvas& Balwanz, 2014).
In additional, women have joined agricultural farms such as KARI (Kenya Agricultural Research Institutes) that enable them to generate incomes. Kari has motivated many women in Kenya to form forums, which enable them to come together and form groups. KARI has created jobs opportunities since it hires many people to carry out research and to cultivate for their farm crops. This institution has encouraged many people since they offer training to her workers and as well as paying salary to them. Via creation of jobs, women in Kenya usually use the amount they get to eradicate poverty and they use skills they acquire to start cultivating their own crops that assist them to eradicate hunger.
In order to establish this goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, Makueni County has established irrigation scheme that enable them to get food through out the year. Since this county is, dry part of Kenya people have established these projects to ensure that they are not always be given free foods from other developed countries (Wagstaff & Claeson, 2004). This projects have enable parents to pay school fees since they sale some of farms products and use the cash to pay school fees.
Irrigation scheme led to job opportunities to women in this county and many women usually work on them to get extra cash on daily activities. It also enables the educated women to be a manager to such project thus earns respect on to them. Irrigation scheme in Makueni County does not only produce domestic food but also cash crops. These cash crops usually give women opportunities to grow them and sell them for more capital (Wagstaff & Claeson, 2004).
Eradicating of poverty and hunger has empowered women to start earning which later make them to be women of substances. Women have engaged to work day and night to reduce poverty and hunger in their families. This millennium goals has strength women and encourage them to join schools such as colleges and universities in order to advance for they knowledge and later on they look for a good payroll jobs. Women in Kenya have competing with men in work place since, in many companies Kenyan women are the top in ranking.
In addition, to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger women in Makueni County have emerged in politics. Women in this county have been competing with men and this earns them favor on eyes of people (Wagstaff & Claeson, 2004).
Many people thought that women could assist poor people more than men could. Women in Makueni County have been leading others in this sector; they have introduced money for the youth that they will be giving the youth to reduce insecurity and theft cases as well. Youth have been given this money with low interest rate and in this case, they start their projects that enable them to earn living. Women in Makueni County have also been given jobs such as preparing roads and dams all over the county. This projects usually enough them to save any amount they get from those projects and finally they eradicate poverty from they families (Wagstaff & Claeson, 2004).
Millennium development goals of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger have already been achieved in this county and many places people have been working hand in hand to attain this goal. In some places such as Kibwezi and M tito Andei regions have yet to reach this goal since most of political leaders do not consider uplifting lives of people and that has made those regions to be last n ranking. Women in those places also suffer in hunger and poverty because there are no irrigation schemes, which is around whereby they can look for jobs to cater for their families. Most people in this regions they pause only primary education since most people usually struggle where to get school fees for secondary and high education (Sweetman, 2005).
There is huge different between makueni county and some counties such as kiambu county, meru county, machakos county and kisumu county since makueni been the dry place in eastern Kenya life is more expensive . This has been shown by factor that places where people they get clean water is far distance. Many people usually buy drinking water and other things such as firewood. When you compare Makueni County with Meru County, you find that meru county is evergreen and people from that county they have more cash croups that they plant in their farms (Sweetman, 2005). For them to have extra cash is more easy than makueni county since no irrigation scheme that are likely to be used in order for them to harvest tea leas , potatoes, cabbages or coffee.
In this case, makueni county poverty and hunger has been on high side given that people in this place usually harvest only in one rain season and the food they usually grow is low rain resistance croups such as sorghum, millet, green grams and other few things. This food cannot make families consume through out the year and most people usually depend on buying foods from the market (Sweetman, 2005). Given that people cannot control nature, women from Makueni County have started those irrigation schemes in order to be placed the same range with women from Meru County. This has been a challenge to women of Makueni County since for them to have irrigation schemes they require capital to fund this project.
Although people in Makueni County are struggling to reach 2015 target, those women ever since have faced many challenges to eradicate poverty they must ensure that food is present for the people and to get this food has been a challenge. This reason has ranked the county behind as compared to other counties. National government must work with county government to ensure that those people ranking behind have been boosted to be the same rank with other people. Government should accomplish this by making several boreholes for the people such as community water that every person can access easily and construction of dams that should act as water reservoir. These boreholes may encourage women from this county to start growing cash crops hence getting capital to attain the goal number one of 2015 (Sweetman, 2005).
Universal primary education (UPE) is a millennium-developed goal, which all countries are expected to attain by the year 2015. In Makueni County, introduction of free primary education due ( 2003) has led to increase of primary enrolment. Many children have engaged in primary education that leads them to complete their primary education (Wagstaff & Claeson, 2004). This has great impact on Makueni county women while many women encourage their children to go to school to learn. Free education has reduced early marriage whereby this goal has changed many parents thought of marriages for they daughters. This has been affected in sense that girls are educated through out their primary education before marriage.
Free education in Makueni County has a great impacts to women in that county since women use that amount of money that they could use to pay school fees to buy food and pay hospital bills. This results help women in Kenya to improve their children is healthy since medical issues are catered. This is shown clearly that free primary education (FPE) has encouraged women to educate their children. FPE also encouraged Kenya women to engage in women groups that enable them to invest in other ways such as contributing towards buying plots, purchasing household furniture and as well as saving towards providing fees for secondary education. FPE also encouraged women in Makueni County as pupils are given books, pens an pencils that reduces their parent’s burden of purchasing stationeries (Wainaina, 2009).
Mega-corruption in free primary education (FPE)
Despite of allocation of taxpayers’ money and donor funding, Kenya has a strong culture of corruption that already
has interfered with implementation of FPE. Research shows that a lot of money has been lost since launch of free education in Kenya. More billions of money has been used in fake training workshops, hiring of training halls and
trainer’s fees. This has led to loss of money that encouraged the mega– corruption in free primary education (FPE).
Many teachers frequently forge receipts and payment, which they hand over to ministry of education showing inflated payments of goods and services, and this lead to double allocation and disturbance of funds to some schools, which leads to deficiency in money given by the governments for free primary education (FPE). This has been a challenge to millennium development goal since for them before achieving this goal have been incurring lose due to corruption in the country (Wainaina, 2009).
Challenges of universal education
Many pupils are enrolled in schools makes learning difficult since for teachers to maintain accuracy of learning they have to maintain favorable number of pupils. In makueni county number of teachers usually from one school to another that, these usually affect learning programs whereby teachers cannot manage their classes. This has affected the county negatively since many children they acquire poor skills in learning and attain low grades. For schools to perform well all pupils have to be accessible to their teachers each and every day given that teacher should ensure that all assignments given are marked, and all children have known the mistakes they have done that can prevent them to attain goods grades. A primary education usually motivates secondary education whereby, when pupils pass in primary schools they get to work hard and spend their time in books throughout their high schools (Wainaina, 2009).
Women support towards universal education
Given that education is free, some parents do not support education activities and they relax without knowing how their children are performing. This has led to poor education since; parents do not pay for extra learning hours. Through this habit, many teachers fail to cover the syllabuses, as they need more time to be given to cover the syllabus and carry out revisions in order to make pupils fully prepared for the exams. Marked disparities are apparent in quality of education among defends public schools since there are unequal situations in which available educations depend on parents economic situation since to enroll in a school which can guarantee the quality of education will require additional expenditures (Wainaina, 2009).
Challenges facing government grants
Grants from government are not distributed when schools need funds and this make education programs been late as funds are not distributed. This has been a challenge to head teachers because they need fund to facilitate learning process and to run the school became more difficult for them. Government can also contribute less amount than required and this is a challenge since this makes head teachers to force parents to hire some teachers in order to make learning activities smooth (Wainaina, 2009).
Connection of primary education to secondary education
Secondary schools are not free and enrolment rate in secondary education decline according to families’ daily income. Children know well that educational opportunities are easily closed without school fees and this discourage them to learn. When parents hear about the school fees for secondary education they bare the burden but others they often expect that children should be in regular jobs to earn cash. Even in rural areas there is aspiration for secondary schools particularly among standard 8 pupils but many of them cannot proceed to secondary schools due to lack of school fees (Wainaina, 2009).
In mega- corruption in FPE the ministry of education should ensure that before releasing of any money proper research has been carried out from school to school and get any project that should be funded in that academic year (Wainaina, 2009). This helps to eradicate giving out any amount that the government has not signed and it prevents corruption in ministry of education board. The government should ensure that many schools are constructed and more teachers are hired in order to make sure that every child in Makueni County can access the reading materials and interact closely with teachers for more explanations.
Free primary education has enables many women in Kenya to establish other activities that lead to way of living. Many women have started their business since they are not paying any school fees and the save their profit that enable them to maintain healthy of their children (Sweetman, 2005). In addition, free primary education (FPE) has made many women to ensure that family basic needs are available and catered. Free primary education (FPE) also boosted secondary and high board education in a way that parents they fund rise to ensure that they support lowly family to join either secondary schools or colleges (Sweetman, 2005).
- Darvas, P., & Balwanz, D. (2014). Basic education beyond the millennium development goals in Ghana: how equity in service delivery affects educational and learning outcomes.
- Kiriti-Ng’ang’a, T. W. (2011). Institutions and gender inequality: a case study of the Constituency Development Fund in Kenya. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA).
- Sweetman, C. (2005). Gender and the millennium development goals. Oxford, Oxfam GB.
Wagstaff, A., & Claeson, M. (2004). The millennium development goals for health: rising to the challenges. Washington, DC, World Bank.