In with no vote or voice is as

In this essay, we will be going into depth in the question; “Should we try to preserve endangered cultures and their languages?”.
we will be looking at the for and against arguments and how these are affected.
An endangered culture is practices, ideas and customs of people in society that
are beginning to die out because it is losing its believers, new traditions and
practices being introduced, this causes cultures that are dying out and the
languages which these cultures use are also dying out alongside them.1
Examples of these are old traditional welsh words, traditional rainforest
tribes, Inuksuit people of north-west Greenland,2the Vilyui Sakha, indigenous horse and
cattle breeders in the Vilyui River region of northeastern Siberia.3
some of the arguments for preserving endangered cultures and their languages
are: in some ways it preserves our past and keeps us connected to our
ancestors, their cultures are their beliefs and they are what make those people
in the cultures belong together, it is said that the cultures they follow are dying
out and they feel that as they lose this they also lose part of their identity.
Some of the arguments against are: they are old-fashioned in a modern world, the
language that the endangered cultures use is not necessary in a world that has
its main languages e.g. old welsh, our wildlife and environment are far more
important to preserve than endangered cultures.

 

One FOR the preservation of endangered cultures, is that cultures allow people
to protect their homes even if they are an isolated group. For example, nature.com
says “A small isolated group of humans with no vote or voice is as
valid for preservation as an endangered species. A country such as Ecuador has
everything to gain by protecting both intact ecosystems and cultures through
hands-off policies that are akin to those used for endangered species.”4
This means that they help one another to protect their home and its environments
they do this by means of protest of if they are living in the wild such as the
traditional rainforest tribes making it known that they are living there and
the land should not be harmed. This is a for the preservation of endangered
cultures because cultures bring people together by creating a community but it
also gives them a common goal such as protecting the rainforests or one
another.

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One AGAINST the preservation of endangered cultures is that the cultures
that are endangered are ill-equipped for the modern world. For example, tropical
rainforest cultures would be ill-equipped for the modern world because they
live in the rainforest they haven’t been brought up within society and
therefore live very isolated lives and grow old not knowing the modern world
meaning they have idea of all the new findings such as advance medicines and
technologies e.g. mobiles, computers, iPad, speakers. This makes them illipe
for joining the modern would such as if the rainforests end up being completely
destroyed by man for their energy sores, they would be illipe for this because
they wouldn’t understand this technology and wouldn’t be able to function
alongside it.

 

A second  FOR the preservation of
endangered cultures is that it brings people together, this is shown in Tom
Belt story about his tribe’s language not being taught to the younger
generation and him being a minority amongst his people that can speak Cherokee,
this language brought him and his wife together because she was shocked when
they met that he knew the language and that he could speak the language clearly
she had said to him 20 years ago “the
thing that attracted her to me was that I was the youngest Cherokee she’d ever
met who could speak Cherokee”. This shows that even for someone from the same culture
as him sees that Cherokee is a language that isn’t spoken this therefore make
Tom realize that he was just one in 400 people that are left speaking Cherokee
in the eastern band of the tribe. So far, the people that are speaking the
language are threatened with demise and this isn’t the only language threatened
by this. “Over the past century alone, around 400 languages – about one every
three months – have gone extinct, and most linguists estimate that 50% of the world’s remaining 6,500 languages will be gone by
the end of this century (some put that figure as high as 90%, however). Today, the top ten languages in the world
claim around half of the world’s population. Can language diversity be
preserved, or are we on a path to becoming a monolingual species?” but also at
least “100 around the world have only a handful of speakers” this varies “from Ainu in Japan to Yagna
in Chile.” It
can be difficult to find these people too due to the lack in their numbers. In
some famous cases such as “Marie Smith Jones passed away in Alaska in 2008, taking the Eyak language with her” however, they are usually older individuals
who don’t advertise their language skills.5

 

A second AGAINST the preservation of endangered cultures is that it’s
pointless to try to preserve a language where the younger generation that comes
from that culture/language speakers are preferring a more popular language such
as English. An example of this would be the pitkern speakers from the Pitcairn islands and the Norfolk islands in the south pacific
only has 500 people speaking it the rest of the people are more interested in
speaking other languages such as for example, “Younger speakers are increasingly preferring
English, and many of them are moving to New Zealand or other English-speaking
places. Even the small Pitkern-language version of Wikipedia has been proposed
for closure twice.” This shows that more and more people are not wanting to
keep their own cultural languages around so why should we try to preserve these
languages if their own practitioners don’t wish to keep them alive in their
daily life because of being more interested in the more popular languages
around. However, some linguists believe that in losing a language is like
losing a specie for example “linguist James Crawford
says “when languages die the world loses four big things: linguistic diversity,
intellectual diversity, cultural diversity, and cultural identity.””6

 

Thirdly, a FOR the preservation of endangered cultures and their languages
is because language is an important part of society, this is because enables
people to Communicate and express themselves to others. To a person being able
to express themselves is an important side to them because it makes them who
they are and without a language it is easier for an endangered culture to die
out. According to the united nations educational, scientific, and cultural organization
“from facts published in their “Atlas of
Languages in Danger of Disappearing,” there are an estimated 6,000
languages spoken worldwide today, and half of the world’s population speaks the
eight most common. And 3,000 languages are spoken by fewer than 10,000.” Ways
In which have been suggested to help prevent this dyeing out of languages is by
teaching the younger generations as they grow up so that they are raised
speaking this language and therefore being encouraged to keep up their
traditions and language and end up teaching their children the same language
and cultures in which they were raised to believe and follow from a young age. It
is necessary to preserve language because without them we won’t have our
cultures and our cultures make us who we are.7

 

Thirdly, another AGAINST is that
if the language is unsuccessful in being kept alive then there is no point in
trying. The article I’m going to use to prove this point is by a person called
Kris, he says that “To me languages are like businesses. The
successful businesses thrive and create great surplus, that is to say more
speakers of the language are born or made than speakers are dying.” This shows
that he doesn’t think that languages should be preserved because if a language
is dying out we should let it because it is unsuccessful. He also said that
there are only 6 reasons to learn a dead or near-extinct language and these
are: “1. Because an info-graphic in your Facebook news
feed said you should, 2. “Just because”,3. Because you want to save the
language, 4. Because you are bored, 5. Because you need a distraction from
studying another language (procrastination), 6. Because it’s cool,” he also
states that reason 3 is one that it is the one with the most contradicting
points and he found it very difficult to put that point into his post as it
contradicts his point of view.8

 

Another FOR the protection of endangered
cultures could be to protect isolated cultures of being harmed by other
societies. For example, in the article supporting this it says that we have
learnt that in history that when other cultures have met with the endangered
cultures that live in isolation from other cultures have been struck by
disease, and in some cases misunderstandings of the smaller less advance
culture and their belfies. This shows that we should be carful in our contact
with them but also, we should protect these cultures as by not protecting them
and causing disturbances with them we are not only damaging their culture but
also other human life which we must not do under any sercanstances.9