Imagine using improved water sources which protect from

Imagine living in a world where water, one of the most
important necessities your body desires to function properly, isn’t accessible on
a normal basis. Imagine living day to day knowing that you’re not guaranteed a
clean glass of water at least once every day. Considering how far the world has
come, the average human being wouldn’t give the topic of water scarcity a
second thought however realistically, about 4.2 billion people live under
severe conditions which cause them extreme water scarcity for at least one
month of the year (Scott, 2017). Water scarcity is a real problem that we
continue to face every single year as our population continues to grow.
According to Connor (2013), “Severe water shortages will affect more than half
the world’s future population of nine billion people by 2050”. Now that we’ve
declared that water scarcity is still a major obstacle in modern day, what can
we do about it and what is the best way to solve this problem?

            The
problem is quite simple to understand, we still don’t have clean drinking water
around the world and the cost of water is slowly increasing. This has been one
of the most long-lasting complications that mankind has ever faced. However, we
are certainly making progress, we are up about 76% from 1990 in using improved
water sources which protect from external contamination (Purvis, 2015).
Essentially, we are facing two different problems that will eventually end up
as one; high water costs around the globe including America and water scarcity
in areas such as Africa and Asia. A massive reason for which explains why
people are now worrying about the scarcity of water is due to climate change.
According to Schleifer (2017), “clouds are moving away from the equator toward
the poles, due to a climate-change driven phenomenon called Hadley Cell
expansion. This deprives equatorial regions like sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle
East and Central America of life-giving rainwater”. Furthermore, this means we
can expect more drought and for more dry areas to become dangerously drier.
This matter has caught the attention of most people because eventually it will
affect us all in one way or another. For example, in the United States, the
price of water has become alarmingly expensive in which has caused an uproar in
many states; therefore, the scarcity of water around the globe is eventually
going to affect those with an abundance of water. On that note, there has also been
a few current events regarding President Trump and his opinions on whether
global warming is a hoax or not. This is extremely important to consider
because as the president, you have such a massive following and once you
condemn a scientific phenomenon to be a hoax, the rest of the country will turn
a blind eye to it. On twitter, President Trump tweeted out, “Snowing in Texas
and Louisiana, record setting freezing temperatures throughout the country and
beyond. Global warming is an expensive hoax!” Although President Trump
occasionally urges the U.S government for a new and clean energy economy, it is
still unclear about his opinions on global warming.

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            Moreover,
we’re going to discuss this problem using two different positions, the position
of how water costs are affecting our very own society and how water scarcity is
sweeping the globe. With water covering about seventy percent of the earth’s
surface, many people would expect water to be extremely cheap however, the
prices of water has gone up about six percent in 30 major U.S cities, with a 41
percent rise since 2010 (Walton, 2015). 
The sudden increase of the price of water has had an economic and
political impact on our society because soon enough people won’t be able to
afford the fundamental necessities. There are quite a few reasons why we’re
facing such a dilemma with water, for example, as our population continues to
increase we will obviously begin to demand more water thus being in need for
more money. An obvious reason for both the high cost of water and water
scarcity is due to the depletion of groundwater. According to the World
Resources Institute, “India guzzles more groundwater than any other country, 54
percent of India’s groundwater wells are decreasing,
meaning that water is used faster than it’s replenished (Schleifer, 2017).

 Subsequently,
let’s change positions and focus more on how these prices are affecting the
U.S. The obstacle of having enough drinkable water is just the beginning of our
problems, we must also consider the state of our infrastructure. The water
pipes that had been installed many years ago have started to age and become
untrustworthy so, undoubtedly, we began to change them. However, according to Kidd
(2015), “It could cost more than $2 trillion over the next 25 years to replace
and expand drinking water and wastewater systems nationally. Moreover, people
don’t have much of a choice when paying off the nation’s debt because it’s
technically a mutual benefit. Nonetheless, many people were enraged finding out
that this issue was one of the main reasons in the increased water rates
however, if it weren’t for this increase, our water mains would break,
resulting in a more disastrous situation. 
Apart from paying off the debt, there are still many micro reasons why
our water bills are increasing for example, the price of fuel and electricity directly
correlate because they’re the tools we need to filter our drinking water. Another
macro issue we face is that although water may be a renewable resource, we
often waste a large portion of it. However, many residents have been taking
initiative and are trying to reduce their water bills by using many methods
such as, limiting the days in which they water their lawn or turning off their
faucets when they aren’t using it. Nonetheless, these methods have greatly
impacted their water bills. According to the Circle of Blue Water news,
“Austin, Texas, for example, sold nearly 10 billion gallons less water in 2014
than in 2011, a 20 percent reduction. The city achieved this by dramatically
increasing its rates for the highest-volume users while enforcing lawn-watering
restrictions” (Walton, 2015). Essentially, when proposing laws to reduce the
waste of water, you can notice the drastic changes and expect cheaper water
bills. Nevertheless, for some people these
methods are not effective due to their unique geographic conditions.  Kevin McCoy claims that, “In Augusta, Maine,
the monthly cost of 1,000 cubic feet of water has topped $40 since 2000. That’s
partly because the city has a small base of approximately 5,800 mostly
residential customers and lacks major industrial customers that would help
share the cost” (McCoy, 2012). Another reason why these methods are ineffective
is because of outdated and inefficient technology.  In many residential areas, the irrigation
systems can be very outdated, and the residents are completely unaware of this
problem. One of the terrible outcomes we’ve had to face because of this water
issue is drought, and California has had it the worst. Over
the years, California has experienced many devastating droughts and the only
thing worse is when they must pay more for water because of the cost of
mandatory conservation measures. Moreover, Newsweek declares that, “This month,
signaling how serious the current situation is, state officials announced the
first cutback to farmers’ water rights since 1977, and ordered cities and towns
to cut water use by as much as 36 percent” (Lustgarten & Zamora, 2016). The
Californians are having a tough time fixing this issue, obviously, they’ve
began to use less water, however this solution barely made a difference. So
instead, they started to limit the amount of water farmers can use which made
an enormous impact on their water crisis however, it also deteriorated the
quality of food the farmers can produce.

Now since we have a clear understanding of
what the issues are domestically, we can now focus on the water scarcity issues
happening in areas like Asia and Africa. Water scarcity has been a major
problem around the globe, especially for those who live in rural areas. Many
people must travel about five miles to the nearest river or well to have water
that most of the time is not even filtered. There are many micro issues that
will branch out from this particular problem, instead of parents and children
traveling long distances for water, that time could have been used to earn
money or to educate a child. The circumstances for these rural areas are
worsening by the day with sicknesses spreading through the contamination of
water and people becoming extremely ill. To narrow down our searches, we’re going
to focus on Ethiopia. According to The Water Project, situations can become so dire
that people won’t have enough water to bathe which will lead to infections and sicknesses
in children; Rebecca Shore says, “Ethiopian children, especially girls, face
problems with school. Statistically only 45% of kids attend primary school. The
others are put to work collecting water each morning and helping their families
earn money” (Shore, 2016).