Honorable achieve a high standard of health. However,

Honorable Chairs, fellow delegates, and members of the United Nations,  The Delegate of Japan strongly recommends UNHRC to discuss upon actions regarding ensured sanitary and reliable water supply.      Water is a very crucial part of our daily lives. It can be used for drinking, cleaning, farming and industrial usage. Considering how one might die with the lack of clean water, being able to drink sanitary and reliable water is a human right, which should be protected. Access to clean, safe water allows an individual to achieve a high standard of health. However, water is a limited resource, meaning from the past, water has triggered conflicts. Not only that, there are areas that are too far from a water source, that leaves people with long miles of walking to get water.      The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) of 1948 recognized that billions of people were suffering with the lack of sanitary water, and other treaties such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) of 1979 and the Convention on the Rights of Children (CRC) of 1989 noticed clean drinking water was a vital human right that needed be protected. On July 28, “Human Rights to Water and Sanitation (HRWS)” officially became recognized with 122 countries approving at the United Nations General Assembly. As the first resolution came out, various countries understood that water wasn’t an issue only for individual countries, but an issue that has to be solved internationally.  In the status quo, about 1.2 billion people are estimated to suffer from water stress.  Water stress is a term that explains a situation when demand for water increases, while the access to it is low and in poor quality. Why do these problems occur? There are several reasons such as water pollution, lack of sewage system, disputes over water usages, or because of being distanced from large bodies of water. The main reason, although, could be seen as the lack of capacity. Developing nations have a hard time managing a qualified sewage and sanitation system, failing to distribute water. The United Nations reported that 1.5 million children under the age of five pass away due to diseases from lack of clean water. Furthermore, in places like Africa, women and children can’t receive proper education due to their families making them walk miles for water. This endless cycle has to be prevented for not only those who are directly affected, but those who are indirectly harmed.      The problem regarding this agenda is increasing more and more as nations are facing natural disasters such as droughts or undergoing water stress. The United Nations has constantly tried to bring an end to this devastating situation. For instance, the General Assembly resolution 64/292, adopted on July 28 of 2010, it focused on providing financial resources, support capacity-building, and technology transfer for accessible, clean and safe water for developing countries. In the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of 2000, specific targets and plans were made. MDGs are eight international development goals that were set to be dealt with until 2015. Unfortunately, it is strongly criticized for the lack of analysis, justification and lack of measurements for some goals. However, it can be seen as one of the biggest actions taken by the UN in the early 2000s. Goal 7 (To Ensure Environmental Sustainability) out of the eight goals concentrates on clean water. The years 1981 to 1990, 2005 to 2015, were claimed as the International Decade for Action ‘Water for Life.’ Approximately a billion people were able to have access to safe drinking water from 1981 to 1990. The United Nation also established new set of 17 international goals known as Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It aims to meet the goals by 2030, and as it is an improved version, it is believed to be achieved. Goal 6 of the seventeen goals focuses on the clean water and sanitation, having eight specific targets.       Japan has made numerous contributions regarding sanitation and clean water. For instance, Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, has 90% of its groundwater contaminated with Bacteria E-Coli, which can lead to illnesses including an impaired kidney function. Jakarta uses Japan’s technology transfer, expertise, and underground waterways. This helps the water become safe and secure for drinking. Furthermore, Japan launched “United StatesJapan Clean Water for People Initiative” on September of 2002, hosted “Third World Water Forum” on March of 2003, and announced “Water and Sanitation Broad Partnership Initiative (WASABI),” on March of 2006. Japan also helped ensure adaptation of the new resolution on “International Year of Sanitation 2008” at the United Nations General Assembly in December of 2007. Japan also look into the country itself. There are various regulations and policies regarding water sanitation. In 2004, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare introduced a Waterworks Vision “to show a map towards future goals shared among stakeholders of water supply services.” Ultimately, it promotes increase energy efficiency and reduced water leakage. However, the problem of sanitary and available water has not been obviated.       The delegation of Japan would like to state that UNHRC needs to find solutions for both sanitary and reliable water. The delegation of Japan would like to recommend following solutions to tackle this concern, First, with “Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), areas that have a hard time reaching for water should get funds for reliable water. Although building infrastructures for reliable water may be costly at first, because infrastructures are used constantly, there could be a long term payment. Furthermore, for places that are too far from the water source, the local government should plan a relocation of the city. The water would be able to be distributes fairly to residents. Regarding sanitation, we should encourage NGOs, citizens and local governments to identify and report water pollution cases to the government or UNHRC. Based on the reports, we would be able make policies and recommendations. In addition, enforcing punishment on pollution can also be helpful. People would try to avoid the consequences of polluting water, thus helping clean the environment. To protect the citizens, we can constantly do health check-ups and give health care, and making companies compensate to those who live in polluted areas because of them. The range could be based on health risk analysis. Capacity building allows people in those areas to be able to obtain new skills that can be used for prolong times. Without it, all constructions would be useless because no one would know how to manage it. The Japanese delegation is looking forward to fruitful discussion upon above matters throughout the conference.