Greek PhilosophyGreek philosophy, and philosophy in general begun sometime around 600 B.C (George Brakas, 2010). The creator of philosophy is said to be a man named Thales. It all started when Thales asked one effortless question. He asked, ” Is the one thing to which the great variety of things making up the world may be reduced?”(George Brakas, 2010). Little did Thales know that his one question would be powerful enough to start a whole revolution that would impact the world in a better way. Ancient Greek philosophers set the foundation with the basics of philosophy (George C. Boeree, 2000). Greeks focused their attention on the origin of nature, and of the the physical world. They started off with metaphysics. The concept of metaphysics is questioning. For example, a question like “What is the world made of?” or “What is the ultimate substance of reality?” would be apart of metaphysics. Next there is epistemology. This concept pertains to knowledge. Examples for this category is things such as, “Can we know anything for certain?”, or “How do we know what is real or not, true or false?”. Then there’s another keypoint that relates closely to epistemology which is empiricism. Empiricism is the opposing approach to the problem of knowledge according to Mr.Boeree. Empiricism states that all knowledge comes through the senses. On the other hand another concept which is rationalism states that knowledge is a matter of reason and thought. There is also ethics. Ethics is the understanding of good or bad, right or wrong (George C. Boeree, 2000). Next up is hedonism which states that what gives you pleasure gives you pain. Lastly there is cynicism which states that the world is ultimately evil, and we can only work at distancing ourselves from it and moving towards the ultimate good, which is God.Another philosopher is Pythagoras. He is considered to be one of the Ionian thinkers (Greek Philosophy, n.d). It was said that his approach combines science with religious beliefs. Specific concepts of mathematics is said to have came from him. Pythagoras is credible as the author of the first known mathematics formulation. This is the theorem that states that the square of the longest side of a right triangle equals the sum of the squares of the other two sides (Greek Philosophy, n.d). Around 500 B.C.E the Sophists were intellectuals who taught courses dealing with a variety of topics. People who attended Sophists schools were usually aristocracy, and was wealthy. This was said because you had to pay a fee to attend the school. Around this time a lot of political and social change was taking place in Athens. Socrates is seen as the pivotal figure in Greek philosophy, and was the wisest among the Greeks during his time (Greek Philosophy, n.d). He was similar to the Sophists because he also taught others. The only difference is unlike the Sophists, Socrates did not charge a fee. Socrates started to gradually attract enemies in a variety of sections of the Athenian society. This caused him to be put on trial and sentenced to death. The Athenians did not like the concept of sentencing their citizens to death so they gave him the possibility to escape. Socrates denied the offer and obeyed the jury. Even though Socrative ended up receiving a mixture that contained poison which caused his death, he was granted immortality.The two Greek philosophers who were seen to be the most important were Plato, and Aristotle. Plato was one of Socrates students who had left Athens because he was sickened with the death of his teacher. Once he returned to Athens he opened a Academy that ended up becoming extremely well knowned. His work influenced western philosophy, and he is also the best known Greek philosopher. Plato’s interests included ethics, and politics but is best known for his metaphysical and epistemological ideas (Greek Philosophy, n.d). Onto Aristotle, also referred as the father of biology was a student of Plato for nearly 20 years. He was also the tutor of Alexander the Great. Aristotle’s interests consisted of ethics, metaphysics, physics, biology, mathematics, astronomy, meteorology, and politics along side many others. He was the first thinker that actively came up with the concept of logic. His logic system contained five “treatises”, also called Organon. Then came the Hellenistic age. During this time four new philosophical schools were developed. These new schools were the Cynics, Sceptics, Epicureans, and Stoics. Around this time the Macedonians were in control of the political power. This lead the Greek philosophers so set aside their political concerns and make problems of the individual their main priority. Their interests was said to be on how to be happy instead of making plans to improve their environment (Greek Philosophy, n.d). The Cynics did not approve various types of conventions such as marriage, and religion. The Sceptics added logical and moral scepticism. Epicureanism stated that life was about pursuing the world’s pleasures. Stoics stated that, “Everything that happens is due to divine providence” (Greek Philosophy, n.d). They felt that achieving happiness was not important.Greek philosophers definitely helped the world have more of an open mind and focus on more things. Greece provided us with over majority of everything we know about philosophy. They encourage deep thinking. Without philosophy starting in Greece the advancements that was caused because of it would not have been there as soon as they were. Being that all the new concepts were coming about and more and more people was getting into it going deeper into the whole thing it helped the society grow as a whole. Intellectually the Greek society was already advanced in a way this just raised the bar even more adding onto the unique history of Greek culture and the rising of it.