Key of what pupils are learning • Grad.

Key Terms and what have you for Ch. 15 State and Local Gov.
• Democratic Rationale for public ed. Being universal free and compulsory–
If people are going to have universal suffrage then they must be educated to do so
• Two Ex. of early of USA commitment public ed.– Northwest Ordinance of 1787– gave land grants to for public schools in new territories.1647– Massachusetts colony required public ed. out of public funds
• Ex. of what we expect now – Schools are expected to resolve racial conflict, build an integrated society, improve image of minorities, inspire patriotism and school pride, and provide recreational activities.
• Short run effect of public expenditures (including those for ed.) on economic growth rates among states – funding of ed. has been known to stimulate the economy (ed. and infrastructure are the top stimuli of economy)
• Inputs- measure of resources expended on ed.
• Outputs – measure of what pupils are learning
• Grad. Rates Top- New Hampshire Low- LA Texas- below avg
Best Educated state- Colorado Worst – W. Virginia Texas- avg
• Many believe performance testing is culturally biased and not relevant
• SAT scores were on the decline, however the amount of people who take the test is rising.
Scores have risen again since 1982– attributed to teaching more basic verbal and math skills
• Conclusion of Coleman – student performance isn't better with more spending, rather is quality home and school environment, disciplined classrooms, monitoring student progress etc.
• Performance Testing – causes teacher to coach students on how to pass these tests rather than teach skills that are necessary to have after graduation; minority groups believe the tests are racially biased and minorities have scored much lower than whites and h