Globally as a substitution for real-life human connection,

Globally internet is recognized as medium for
information exchange, in various fields such as in academic research,
entertainment, communication and commerce. Nowadays controversial issues
eschewed from internet use and its outcomes. Despite people are sickly addicted
to it despite its importance and usefulness among modern men.Internet addiction
is described as an impulse control disorder, which does not involve use of an
intoxicating drug and is very similar to pathological gambling. Some internet
users may develop an emotional attachment to on-line friends and activities
they create on their computer screens. Internet users may enjoy aspects of the
internet that allow that allow them to meet, socialize, and exchange ideas
through the use of chat rooms, social networking websites, or “virtual
communities”. Other internet users spend endless hours researching topics of
internet online or “blogging”. Similar to other addictions, those sufferings
from internet addiction use the virtual fantasy world to connect with real
people through the internet, as a substitution for real-life human connection,
which they are unable to achieve normally.

Warning
signs of internet addiction

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·        
Preoccupation with the
internet.

·        
Use of the Internet in
increasing amounts of time inorder to achieve satisfaction.

·        
Repeated, unsuccessful
efforts to control, cut back or stop internet use.

·        
Feelings of
restlessness, moodiness, depression, or irritability when attempting to cut
down use of the Internet

·        
On-line longer than
originally intended

·        
Jeopardized or risked
loss of significant relationships, job, educational or career opportunities
because of Internet use.

·        
Lies to family members,
therapists, or others to conceal the extent of involvement with the internet.

·        
Use of the internet is
a way to escape problems or to retrieve a dysphoric mood

Effects
of internet addiction

Internet addiction results in personal, family,
academic, financial, and occupational problems that are characterized of other
addictions. Impairments of real relationships are disrupted as a result of
excessive use of the Internet. Individuals suffering from internet addiction
spend more time in solitary seclusion, spend less time with real people in
their lives, and are often viewed as socially awkward. Arguments may result due
to the volume of time spent on-line. Those suffering from Internet addiction
may attempt to conceal the amount of time spent on-line, which results in
distrust and the disturbance of quality in once stable relationships. Some
sufferings from Internet addiction may create on-line personals or profiles
where they are able to alter their identities and pretend to be someone other
than himself or herself. Those at highest risk for creation of a secret life
are those who suffer from low self-esteem feelings of inadequacy, and fear of
approval. Such negative self concepts lead to clinical problems of depression
and anxiety. Bing addicted to the internet can also cause physical discomfort
or medical problem such as : Carpel Tunnel, Syndrome, dry eyes, back aches,
severe headaches, eating irregularities (such as skipping meals), failure to
attend personal hygiene, and sleep disturbance.

Psychological
Well-being

             Mental health experts advocate well being as a
way of improvising our lives. Well being helps us to stay resilient, build
social support and self-efficacy, and cope with adversity. In positive
psychology, well being is a heightened state that’s beyond just feeling happy
or having good health. It’s a condition of flourishing where we thrive in many
aspects of our lives. Well being isn’t as straightforward as just being happy.
Well being looks a lots of different elements that make us complete humans
tick. It considers how we

1.      Cultivate
meaning and good relationships

2.      Use
our strength

3.      Contribute
to a greater cause

4.      Find
pleasure in losing ourselves in things we find challenging and enjoyable.

Well
being also explores the deep satisfaction we find in our social connections and
in accomplishing things. Humans inherently want meaning and purpose in life.
One way to achieve meaning and purpose is being a part of something greater
than yourself.A strong sense of well being contributes to good mental health.
It also helps to protect us from feelings of hopelessness and depression,
acting as a ‘guardian’ of our mental health. Mental health is not merely the
absence of mental illness rather it’s a state of overall well being. The World
Health Organisation defines mental health as a state of well being in which every
individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with normal stresses of
life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution
to his or her community.Well-being is about making a life where we can
contribute to a greater society. Where we can have a more fulfilling existence
with meaningful and supportive relationships. Well-being gives us a way to
discover and explore our strengths. Well being helps us live life to our full
potential.

 

 

LITERATURE REVIEW

Quing Xu et.al
(2011) conducted a study on “Internet usage and Teens Psychological well-being
in china” This study found increased interent use in higher grade students was
associated with decreased psychological well being.

AfusatOlanikeBusari(2016)
conducted a study on “Academic stress and internet addiction among adolescents:
Solution focused social interest programme as treatment option.” The findings
indicated that there was a significant interaction effect of gender on
participant’s academic stress and internet addiction.

AasimehRehman,
HumeraShafi, Touseef Rizvi(2016) conducted a
study on “Internet Addcition and Psychological well-being among youth of
Kashmir”. Results of a study revealed a significant negative correlation
between internet addiction and psychological well being among youth of Kashmir.

OBJECTIVES

1.      To
find the level of psychological well being among the software personal

2.      To
find the level of internet addiction among the software personal

3.      To
find the relationship between Internet addiction and psychological well being

4.      To
find the gender differences in relationship between Internet addiction and
psychological well being.

SAMPLE

50
software personals were chosen using a method of convenience sampling. Among
the sample 24 were females and 26 were males.

TOOL

The
Psychological General Well-Being Index (Olivier Chassany et al, 2004) was
developed for the evaluation of perceived well-being and distress. It includes
six dimensions: Anxiety, Depressed Mood, Positive Well-Being, Self Control,
General Health, and Vitality. As the subscales are internally consistent, the
22 items have been frequently used to form an overall Index (Total Score) for
general well-being, giving a maximal score of 110. Questionnaire completion and
review will usually require up to 20 or 30 minutes. There are no incorrect
answers and only one answer has to be given to each Question.

The Internet Addiction Test (KimberlayS. Young,
2010) is the first validated and reliable measures of addictive use of internet.
The IAT is a 20 item questionnaire that measures mild moderate and severe level
of Internet addiction. IAT has a six point rating scale. 20 – 49 points
indicates mild or average level. 50 -79 points indicates moderate level of
Internet addiction and 80 -100 points indicates severe level of addiction.

PROCEDURE

In
order to find the relationship between internet addiction and psychological
well being among software personnel; a sample size of 50 were chosen using
convenience sampling method. The sample were administered with The
Psychological General well-being (Olivier Chassany et al, 2004), and Internet Addiction
Test ( Kimberlay S. Young, 2010)
(. The 
data thus obtained was subjected to statistical analysis.

ANALYSIS

In
order to ascertain the relationship between internet addiction and
psychological well being, the datas from both the assessment were subjected to
correlation.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Table no:1
Shows level of psychological well-being and internet addiction in the sample

Variables

Score
of the Sample

Interpretation

Psychological well
being

63.52

High

Internet Addiction

55.46

Moderate

 

From
table 1, The level of psychological well being in the sample (63.52) indicating
that level of psychological well-being of the sample is high and level of
internet addiction in the sample (55.46) indicating  that the sample were moderate in their level
of internet addiction.

Table no:2
Shows the relationship between internet addiction and psychological well-being
in the sample

Relationship  between Internet addiction and  Psychological well-being

Correlation
Coefficient
(r)

For the entire sample

-0.4

For Females

-0.5

For Males

-0.3

 

From
table 2, The correlation coefficient pertaining to internet addiction and
psychological well-being for the entitre sample (-0.4), for females (-0.5),for
males (-0.3) indicating negative correlation between internet addiction and and
psychological well-being. Hence when internet addiction is low, psychological
well being is high. The negative correlation in males seem higher in males
compared to females in the sample.

CONCLUSION

·        
Level of psychological
well-being of the sample is high.

·        
Level of internet
addiction is moderate in the sample.

·        
Internet addiction and
psychological well-being are negatively correlated.

·        
Males show higher
negative correlation between internet addiction and psychological well-being
when compared with females.

LIMITATIONS

·        
Only software personnel
were studied for their internet addiction and its relationship with
psychological well-being was understood.

·        
Sample size was
restricted to 50.

·        
Relationship between
internet addiction and individual dimensions of psychological well-being (like
anxiety , well-being etc) was not studied.

·        
Variations in internet
addiction was not considered.

SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE
RESEARCH

·        
Study can be elaborated
to include other professional vulnerable to internet addiction.

·        
Considering children as
well as adolescent’s proneness to internet addiction, its associated impact on
their psychological well-being can included in future studies.

·        
Sample size can be
increased to hundred or more including the same variables.

·        
Various dimensions of
psychological well-being like resilience capacity and ability for self-control
can considered into the scope of future studies.

·        
Variations in internet
addiction and its varying impact on psychological well-being can be studied.

RECOMMENDATIONS

·        
Judicious use of
internet must be cultivated.

·        
Individually, periodic
checking in terms of self-control in internet usage is mandatory.

·        
Utility orientation of
internet must be the prioritized.

·        
System of family must
follow specific rule for internet usage.

·        
Children and
adolescents must be educated properly on internet utility.

·        
Society must
standardize ethics for internet usage.