Global WarmingHave you noticed it never snows anymore? That’s because of global warming. Global warming has dramatically influenced temperature and weather patterns in recent years. Global warming has caused temperatures to rise to catastrophic levels. Climate change is being caused by human released CO2 due to deforestation and burning of fossil fuels, which causes severe negative effects to health, oceans, and glaciers. Glaciers and OceansGlaciers have been largely affected by humans and global warming. Did you know that Antarctica has been losing 134 billion metric tons of ice each year since 2002 (Amanda MacMillan)? Over time, oceans have become 40% more acidic than they used to be because of excess carbon (Environmental Defense Fund). Greenland lost 36 cubic miles of ice per year between 2002-2006. The Ward Hunt Ice Shelf in Canada split just two years after it cracked in 2000 (Simon, Seymour). About ? of the world’s glacial loss is caused by human activity (ProCon.org). It is estimated that all glaciers in Glacier National Park will disappear by 2080 (United States Geological Survey). It is also estimated that surface permafrost will be gone by the end of the century. By 2100, the Arctic will be nearly 70% free of permafrost (ProCon.org). Warmer oceans create stronger and more intense hurricanes (Amanda MacMillan). The amount of snow in the northern hemisphere has decreased over the past five decades. The number of low temperature events has decreased since 1950, while the number of high temperature events has increased (Global Climate Change). Middle parts of the Pacific Ocean has warmed 15% faster in the past 60 years. Studies predict that the Arctic will be almost ice free by 2060. Sea levels around the world are estimated to rise almost 4 feet by 2100 (ProCon.org). If the entire Antarctic Ice Cap melted the sea level would rise 20 feet. In the 1850’s there were 150 glaciers in Montana. By 2008, there were less than 24 (Simon, Seymour). Last September, the Arctic was 825,000 miles smaller than the average (Effects of Global Warming).Burning of Fossil FuelsChina produces 28 percent of all CO2 emissions (Amanda MacMillan). All human made CO2 in the United States during 2012 reached 6.5 million metric tons. Since 1751 about 337 billion metric tons of CO2 has been released into the air by human activity (ProCon.org). The United States produces 16% of all CO2 emissions. Burning fossil fuels for electricity is the biggest source of air pollution. United States cars and transportation creates 1.7 billion tons of CO2 each year (Amanda MacMillan). CO2 levels are higher today than they were at any point 800,000 years ago (Meyer, Alden). If we keep burning fossil fuels at the current pace, sea levels will rise several meters by the next 50-150 years (Amanda MacMillan). In 2006, the Amos Coal Power Plant made more than 18 million tons of CO2. Ninety million tons of CO2 gets released into the air every day (Gore, Al…Chevat, Richie).Other Impacts and ForestsClimate change influences various negative impacts, ranging from glaciers melting, oceans warming, and causing huge forests to die out. Warmer oceans means worse hurricanes, causing mass destruction to coastal cities (Amanda MacMillan). About 100,000 trees die each day because of beetles, which are influenced by climate change. The number of wildfires each year has risen by about 18 fires since 1980 (Meyer, Alden). Wildfire seasons have increased by two months in recent years. More stress is put on trees because of heat, allowing bark beetles to kill them easily. Whitebark pines, Pinon pines, and Quaking Aspens are all trees where their numbers have declined rapidly because of recent heat waves (Amanda MacMillan). Tropical deforestation causes 10% of the world’s heat trapping emissions. Millions of trees have died in the past 15 years because of wildfires and droughts. The past 40 years have all been warmer than the 20th century average. Less heat is escaping the air then it was 40 years ago (Meyer, Alden). The recent drought in California is the state’s worst water shortage in 1,200 years (Amanda MacMillan). There is 30% more carbon dioxide in the air than there was 150 years ago (Simon, Seymour). Climate-related disasters have tripled since 1980 (Effects of Global Warming). Temperatures in western America have increased by twice the global average since 1970 (Meyer, Alden). Rising temperatures can cause serious and more frequent health problems, such as heart attack, heat stroke and exhaustion (Amanda MacMillan). Seventy-five percent of extremely hot days are caused by human activity (ProCon.org). Thirteen percent of global carbon emissions come from deforestation (World Wildlife Foundation). The polar bear became endangered because of global warming (Environmental Defense Fund). Average temperatures are expected to rise 10 degrees over the next century. Extreme heat events will become 10 times more likely by the end of the century. The duration, intensity, and frequency of hurricanes have all increased since the 1980’s (Global Climate Change).Since 1991, heavy precipitation events have been 30% above the 1901-1960 average (ProCon.org). Most human-caused global warming has occurred in the past 35 years (Global Climate Change). Bark beetles have destroyed 4 million acres of spruce trees. A heat wave in europe killed 70,000 people in 2003 (Effects of Global Warming). Allergies and diseases are becoming more common (Amanda MacMillan). 2016 was the hottest year on record. Dangerous heat waves are more common than they were 60 years ago. There are more frequent and increasing flood risks (Meyer, Alden). An increase of rain by 40% will be expected if temperatures continue to rise (ProCon.org).ConclusionWith all the overwhelming evidence stating that climate change is real, caused by humans, and is having serious impacts on humanity and other animals, it’s hard to deny the 98% of scientists who know global warming is happening, and at a increacingly large pace. Therefore, I have no other conclusion to make but that climate change is being caused by human released CO2 due to deforestation and burning of fossil fuels, which causes severe impacts to health, oceans, and glaciers.Works CitedSimon, Seymour. Global Warming. HarperCollins Publishers, 2010.Gore, Al, and Richie Chevat. Our Choice: How We Can Solve the Climate Crisis. Viking Children’s Books, 2009. Meyer, Alden, et al. “Confronting the Realities of Climate Change.” Ucsusa.org, Ucsusa.org, www.ucsusa.org/global_warming.80,000 hours, Martin. “Climate Change (Extreme Risks).” 80,000 Hours, 80,000 Hours, 80000hours.org/problem-profiles/climate-change/.March 11, 2016 Amanda MacMillan, amanda. “Global Warming 101.” NRDC, Natural Resources Defense Council, 29 Sept. 2017, www.nrdc.org/stories/global-warming-101.ProCon.org. “Is Human Activity Primarily Responsible for Global Climate Change?”Https://Climatechange.procon.org/, Procon.org, 19 June 2017, climatechange.procon.org/.National Geographic. “Effects of Global Warming.” National Geographic, 2015,www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/global-warming-effects/.Environmental Defense Fund. “How Climate Change Plunders the Planet.” Environmental DefenseFund, 2017, www.edf.org/climate/climate-changes-effects-plunder-planet.World Wildlife. “Effects of Climate Change.” World Wildlife Foundation, 2017, www.worldwildlife.org/threats/effects-of-climate-change.Shaftel, Holly, et al. “Global Climate Change .” NASA, 30 Nov. 2017, climate.nasa.gov/effects/.United States Geological Survey. “Retreat of Glaciers in Glacier National Park.” Retreat of Glaciers in Glacier National Park, 2016, www.usgs.gov/centers/norock/science/retreat-glaciers-glacier-national-park?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects.