For the constitution to be approved nine out of thirteen states had to agree that a more powerful government was needed in order for the country to thrive. The people would need to be convinced the constitution would not hinder their own liberties or give power to the privileged. Small states, who approved the unity, were the first to ratify the Constitution unlike large states who found the individual governments adequate.Most of the opponents of the Constitution were small farmers and ethnic minorities, and lived outside of communities and did not socialize with others. This is one of the main reasons that they could not rally up all of their followers. The Anti-Federalists who lived rurally, were poorer, and less involved with the rest of the country, were not ready to ratify the Constitution by any means. Anti-Federalists worried that the diversity of the country would cause the constitution to fold. “By requiring a Majority to make all commercial & Navigation Laws, the five Southern States (whose Produce & Circumstances are totally different from that of the eight Northern & Eastern States) may be ruined; for such rigid & premature Regulations may be made, as will enable the Merchants of the Northern & Eastern States not only to demand an exorbitant Freight, but to monopolize the Purchase of the Commodities at their own Price, for many Years; to the great Injury of the landed Interest, & Impoverishment of the People; and the Danger is the greater, as the Gain on one Side will be in Proportion to the Loss on the other.” (George Mason, Objections to the Proposed Constitution 1788).Federalists shared the beliefs of the Anti-Federalists such as individual rights, which is why they protected those rights as amendments to the Constitution. The Constitution was seen to destroy the power of the states and the states would once again be forced into a dictatorship. “Even the garden of Paradise required to be dressed, and while men continue to be constantly impelled to error and to wrong by innumerable circumstances and temptations, so long will society experience the unceasing necessity of government.” Stated John Jay, Citizen of New York, 1788. Both groups believed that the powers held by Congress could be unlimited especially taxation, and Congress could now freely tax whatever they would like in order to pay off their debts. This was proven in Article I Section 8 of the Constitution, “The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, etc. to pay the debts, and provide for the common defense and general warfare of the United States.” (John J, Jay Citizen of New York, 1788) Congress may now also take the property of anyone in the states, which demonstrated to them that the national government would never be as responsive or compassionate as a state government. The Articles of Confederation were seen by the Anti-Federalists as a solution to finding a government binding document instead of the Constitution. Although the Articles of Confederation could draw up treaties, borrow money, and produce money they could not enforce treaties, repay the money that was borrowed, and it could not stop certain states from the attempts of issuing their own money. These were just some of the reasons the Federalists believed that the Articles of Confederation could no longer be used to run a country. The Constitution was believed to solve all of these problems with the states as a whole but also give the states the power that they longed for. In order for all of the power to be divided, three branches of government were made; executive, legislative, and judicial. The Constitution did not include the Bill of Rights, the Anti- Federalists believed that this was yet another example of there being no limit on the centralized government’s power, and there was no protection for the individual citizen. But the Federalists believed that the Constitution was strong enough for the states that there was no longer a need for the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights was used by the King, as this was his sworn act, without a King there was no use for the Bill of Rights according to the Federalists. During the ratification debate in Virginia, James Madison concluded that the Bill of Rights was needed therefore the Federalists assured the public that adopting the Bill of Rights would be the first thing done if the Constitution were to be ratified. Although not originally being involved in the Constitution, the Bill of Rights has proved to be highly important in protecting the rights of the people.