Now the major emphasis in education is to educate the individual regarding his rights and duties as a citizen of a democratic state. This revolutionary change has made a great impact on the attitudes and life pattern of the Russian people.
Now the people in Russia are to be educated about democratic traditions which guarantee freedom of speech and expressions to all individuals as long as they do not interfere with others’ rights. In this new outlook of life, the individual has to be respected and has not to be coerced to follow any particular mode of life.
At this stage it is too early to specify the exact philosophy of education that Russia will follow. But since now the country has rejected the communist ideology in preference to a democratic philosophy of life we may easily imagine which educational philosophy will be ultimately followed in this country.
As the various relevant publications in the field of education in Russia indicate, we may safely speak about the educational philosophy to be followed there. Some specific basic ideas with regard to educational philosophy to be adhered to in Russia may be mentioned as below:—
1. To develop a sense of world citizenship in the minds of the people in general, because this is an age of internationalism and no country can afford to keep itself aloof. So the commonness of humanity has to be emphasized in any scheme of education.
2. To develop a sense of cooperativeness which will foster the feelings of love, sympathy and co-operation which are very necessary for one’s own growth and also for the country at large?
3. To introduce a vocational point of view in education in order that all the human and natural resources may be ultimately explored for the benefit of every citizen and also for the nation. Needless to remark that without the necessary vocational training the various capacities of the individual will not be developed and this will be against the growth of the individual and also of the nation as a whole.
4. To develop the qualities of citizenship in order that each may learn about his rights and duties in a democratic set-up.
5. Education has to be developed in such a manner as to ensure the growth of all the citizens to the maximum limit possible. In order to attain this objective there should be various types of schools, colleges, universities and technical and vocational training centres spread all over the country. Upto a certain stage education has to be made free and compulsory. There should be both part-time schools and night-schools in order to enable some persons to earn while receiving education.
6. Introduction of necessary changes from time to time in education has to be accepted as a need in the modern world which is ever-changing in respect of various human aspirations.
7. Special provisions in education must be made for the dull as well as brilliant children. No one should be deprived of educational facilities because of poverty or social status.
8. In the field of education particular attention has also to be paid to establishment of well-equipped laboratories of all types in order that the vocational and technological advancements may not be impeded.