Domestic majority of teachers began working as baby–sitters

Domestic work is both an integral and invisible part of Filipino society. The practice of employing domestic help is historically embedded in Filipino culture and continues to be part of everyday life. Related traditions, such as migrating in search of employment and the boarding of less well-off relatives in exchange for household help, likewise are socially accepted and widespread in occurrence. The presence and affordability of domestic help allows women in middle and upper-income classes to leave their household duties and enter the work force, thereby contributing to the economic growth of the country. Domestic work also helps alleviate national poverty by providing an important source of employment, mainly for the poorest and most vulnerable members of society – women and children from rural areas, and by providing much needed income in the form of remittances (Ogaya, 2003)According to Rosales (1999), Feminization of migrant workers can be traced as early as the 1980s when the demand for tutors was easily filled by Filipino teachers who were receiving meager salaries. When the demand for tutors dropped, the majority of teachers began working as baby–sitters and eventually as domestic helpers. From then on, Filipinas worked as domestic helpers and care–givers to the young and old of Hongkong, Singapore, Australia; as dancers and singers in Japan; as chambermaids in the hotels in Dubai, Germany; as maids or servants in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and other middle eastcountries; and as laborers in Taiwanese semi–conductor companies.Ogaya (2003) states that domestic workers also comprise a significant portion of Filipinos who go abroad for employment.This phenomenon began in the mid-1980s, prior to which the OFW population was comprised mainly of male Filipinos undertaking construction work in the Middle East. Since then, there has been a feminization of the OFW population. In 1975, 12% of total labour outflow from the Philippines were women. By 2002, women accounted for 73% of total labour outflow. This increase can be attributed to, among other factors, the rise in prosperity of some Asian countries, and the increase in women’s participation in the labour force in those countries. In addition, in some countries, the employment of a foreign domestic helper is perceived to enhance the social status of the household. For Filipino domestic helpers, the benefits of overseas employment include higher salaries than those in the Philippines, enhanced social status as an OFW, and, in particular for female OFWs, a greater degree of independence.Survey found that the ratio of female domestic workers to total domestic workers was 86%. Of the 631,000 domestic helpers identified in the Labor Force Survey data from January 2002, 92% were female. In a 1996 study on child domestic workers by the BWYW, 93.2% of the respondents were female.