2. In this, the offence is committed by a person who is legally bound by an oath to state the truth.
3. In this, the false statement need not be on any material point.
4. The effect of evidence of the person who is to form an opinion upon the evidence in a proceeding is immaterial in false evidence.
5. There should be a proceeding being conducted in the case of false evidence.
6. Illustrations: [Write the illustrations of Sec. 191.]
Fabricating False Evidence:
1. In this case, particular intention is essential, viz., to cause a person in a proceeding to entertain an erroneous opinion by causing any circumstance to exist or making any false entry in a book or making any false statement. It is defined in Sec. 192.
2. The offence is committed by a person, who is not legally bound to take an oath to state the truth.
3. But in the case of fabricating false evidence in order to make out the offence it must be on a material point.
4. It is very essential in the case of fabricating false evidence.
5. Such a proceeding need not be in existence in the case of fabricating false evidence.
6. Illustrations: [Write the illustrations of Sec. 192.]