Crime modification to a required means of egress

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Crime
Prevention Through Environmental Design, CPTED, is based on the idea that the
proper design and effective use of the built environment can lead to a
reduction in the incidence and fear of crime, and an improvement in the quality
of life. In other words, if a site is laid out well, the likelihood of it being
targeted for a crime may be reduced. Crime Prevention is defined as the
anticipation, recognition and appraisal of a crime risk and the initiation of some
action to remove or reduce it. CPTED takes crime prevention one step further by
studying the site design and working with the development community and public
development agencies in an attempt to create safer designs in new and existing
developments. The following guidelines were prepared by the City of Virginia
Beach’s CPTED Committee to be used as a tool for planners and design
professionals to build a “Quality Physical Environment” with the idea of
reducing opportunity for crime to occur. It is the CPTED Committee’s desire to
disseminate this information to design professionals and the development
community so that these principles can be incorporated whenever possible in the
design phase. Disclaimer: The CPTED document is a guideline providing techniques
and strategies. In a few areas this guide may conflict with the Uniform
Statewide Building Code (USBC) in some occupancy types, in that instance the
USBC will be the prevailing document. Some of the CPTED techniques and
strategies relate to hardening of security devices on windows and doors.
Careful attention must be given to this activity as it could lead to the
inability of occupants or firefighters to use normal escape routes. When a
modification to a required means of egress is preferred in an existing
structure a permit is required from the Division of Permits and Inspections.
“The proper design and effective use of the built environment can lead to a
reduction in the fear and incidence of crime, and improvement of the quality of
life.” – CPTED, as defined by the National Crime Prevention Institute