Communications the past few decades, information and communication

Communications technology, also known as
information technology, refers to all equipment and programs that are used to
process and communicate information.  In
the past few decades, information and communication technologies have provided
society with a vast array of new communication capabilities.  (, 2003-2018). For example, people
can communicate through email, texting, instant messaging, social networking
and video conferencing. The list of ICT components is extensive and it
continues to grow. The technology revolution has happened so rapidly that most
people are unaware of how much they rely on communication technology. (Tech Target, 2017)

Technology is now very much integrated into our
private lives. Most of us use it every day to efficiently converse with one another.

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Texting, emailing and instant messaging have changed how we talk to our friends
and family forever. They provide the ability to communicate with somebody within
seconds, whether they are down the street or on the other side of the world. The
convenience of services like online shopping and the endless entertainment
provided on platforms like YouTube, are examples among the many advantages of
communication technology on private life.       Although
these aspects are very convenient, ICT also has it’s downsides for private use.

Communication technology has been seen recently to have negatively affected the
lives of many millennials with the obsession with social media and unnecessarily
scrolling through pages and pages of content tailored to them by these social
sites. Instagram in particular has regrettable reinforced unrealistic body
standards and images for young men and women today.

Communication technology has similarly affected
the public life of the average person. Social media platforms like Instagram, Facebook
and Snapchat allow users to share private parts of their lives to a broader
group of people. A person disclosing private elements of their life online aids
them in keeping up friendships as the people in their lives feel closer to them.

Video conferencing is another form of communication that can be of great value.

You can save on travel expenses if all parties involved have access to video
cameras and the right software.                            But
of course, there are disadvantages too. Privacy is a big issue for people at
the moment. Once photos and other information are put online it is available for
anybody to copy and perhaps use distastefully. In addition, social media is a poor
substitution for face-to-face communication. Constantly messaging and emailing
people doesn’t improve people skills and there can often be miss-communications
due to lack of body language and gestures when talking online. (Use of
Technology, 2012)

Cyberbullying is a major
issue in the online world today. It is bullying that takes place over digital
devices like phones, computers, and tablets. Cyberbullying can occur through
text, apps, social medias, forums, or gaming where people can view, participate
in, or share content. Cyberbullying includes sending, posting, or sharing
negative, harmful, false, or mean content about someone else. It can include sharing
personal or private information about someone else causing embarrassment or
humiliation. Some cyberbullying crosses the line into unlawful or criminal behaviour.

Cyberbullying is especially deadly because with it having the ability to be immediate
and at any time, it can be difficult for the victim to find relief. It is also
harder to detect because parents or teachers can’t overhear it or see it taking
place. (, 2017).

Whether it’s the relatively
harmless spam emails or serious crimes like identity theft, communication
technologies come with a number of privacy and security issues. Online shopping
from untrusted websites can lead to credit card fraud with people finding
purchases in their bank statements that they haven’t made themselves. Even with
a firewall protecting your computer from unwanted intrusion, once online, your
computer is not one hundred percent protected.


Everyday there are developments
made in the world or Communication Technology. Recent advancements in 3D
imaging and scanning technologies are making your “virtual presence”
a real possibility. Current methods of high speed scanning make it possible to
get a 3D scan of your face in a fraction of a second. In the future, projecting
yourself or a room full a people to another location may be commonplace.    Electronic paper is another advancement for
the future of ICT. Today, the portable devices that able you to download and
read a newspaper or book, called eReaders, are convenient and can also help
reduce the amount of paper we use. eReaders of the future will be paper thin,
flexible and have wireless connections. When not being used, large displays may
roll-up or neatly fold away, just like real paper. (Future For All,

The main legislation
providing for the health and safety of people in the workplace are the Safety,
Health and Welfare at Work Acts 2005 and 2010. The acts are set out rights and
obligations of both employers and employees and provides for substantial fines
and penalties for breaches of the health and safety legislation. In reference
to CT in the work place legislation states an employer must provide things like
tilt-able screens, safety checks on electricals, software without bugs or
glitches and a non-cramped workstation while the employee must plan their work
at the computer with frequent breaks and be sure not to take food or drink near
computers. These rules are set to ensure everyone’s safety.                                                          The
Office of the Data Protection Commissioner is responsible for upholding the
privacy rights of individuals in relation to the processing of their personal
data. These rights are contained in the Data Protection Acts 1988 and 2003. The
Acts state that information about you must be accurate, only made available to
those that should have it and only used for specified purposes. You have the
right to access personal information relating to you and have any errors
corrected or, in some cases, have the information erased. (Citizens Information, 2015)