It of plenty and pleasure. He alsofeltthattheStatemust take

It was in the 11th century thattheChinesebecamemoreawareof
social and political issues of the time. Quite a lot of time and energyand
money were spent in holding meetings and distributing pamphlets tooneand
all, and people of the time devoured this information avidly. Thiswasthe
period of the dynasty of Song, and the reformerwasthegreatWang-Ngan-
Che. This leader purported to use his almostunlimitedpowers,especially
during the reign of Chen-tsoung, to inculcate the feelingofreformamong
the people, especially among the partisans. His ideasofreformweremet
with great approval and enthusiasm among both friends and enemies.
The main theme of his reform were that one must be able toenjoythe
best of all material benefits by producing them, andthereforebecomeall
the happier for the enjoyment of the comforts thusproduced.Wang-Ngan-Che
strongly believed that the state should love all her people equallyandin
order for the people to live happily, the state mustenforceobedienceto
certain rules and regulations that wouldenablethemtoenjoythetwin
gratifications of plenty and pleasure. He alsofeltthattheStatemust
take into its own hands all the variousresourcesoftheEmpire,impose
taxes on the rich and collect enormous amounts of funds and thus be ableto
help out people in need like paupers and people out ofwork.TheEmperor,
Chen-tsoung,beingboldanddaring,decidedtoimposetheseradical
reforms, and the result was the start of theSocialRevolution.(Imperial
However, it must be mentioned that China, even intheancientages,
believed in reforms and new thinking that would benefit allthepeopleof
her state, as for example, in the Spring and Autumn Periods, alsoknownas
thehundred schools of thought’, part of some ancient dynastiesofChina.
The …