Carl Friedrich Gauss was born April 30, 1777 to a peasant family in Brunswick, Germany. The small town is located in the western part of Germany. His mother, Dorothea Gauss was not a very intelligent person. When Gauss was born, his mother didn’t even record his date of birth. Later in his life, Gauss calculated his age, based on some information he acquired from his family. Carl was also an only child. Carl’s father, Gebhard Dietrich Gauss was a laborer and bricklayer. Carl was very smart as a toddler. At the age of three years old, he taught himself mathematics, and how to read. With this knowledge, he was able to correct an error in his father’s payroll calculations. When he was seven, he amazed his school teachers by quickly summing up the integers from 1 to 100. At twelve years of age he was criticizing Euclid’s geometry. In 1772, The Duke of Brunswick recognized Gauss’ talent. The Duke provided him with funds to pursue his education at the request of his mother. Gauss attended Caroline College from 1792-1975. In 1795, he transferred to the University of Gottingen. While in college, he formulated the least-squares method and the fundamental law of probability distribution. Also in 1795, he discovered the fundamental theorems of quadratic residues. Gottingen had a very good mathematical library. It gave Gauss a lot of opportunities to study theories from previous mathematicians. Gauss’ first real achievement in math came in 1796. He proved the possibility of constructing a regular 17-sided polygon by using only a compass and ruler. Gauss received his Ph.D. degree from the University of Helmstedt in 1799 after submitting his doctoral thesis for the proof of “the fundamental theorem of algebra.” Gauss was incredible brilliant. Due to the fact that ideas were coming to him so quickly, he was only allowed to pursue some of them. His lucky age was 17 when he began making important discoveries. Gauss was totally fascinated with number theory. Gauss once stated, “Mathematics is the queen of the sciences, and the theory of number is the queen of mathematics. In 1799, Gauss’ interest turned toward astronomy. He loved to study how planets orbit around the sun. He set up a method for determining the elements of a planet’s orbit. He published a book on astronomy in 1809 that later became known as a classic in the astronomy world. Gauss became the director of the observatory and professor of mathematics at the University of Gottingen in 1807. He kept this position for the rest of his life. Twenty-five years later, Gauss started working together with physics professors, Wilhelm Weber in magnetism and electricity. They built an electromagnetic telegraph in 1833. They installed a 3,900 feet wire over the roof-tops of Gottingen. The telegraph was used to coordinate time and give signals. As time went along, they developed their own alphabet for the telegraph. The telegraph was a very useful form of communications during this time. He acquired a lot of mathematical information from the study with Weber. Today they call this “potential theory” and is an important part of mathematical physics. Gauss had a fascination with cartography. That is theory of map projections. He was awarded the prize of the Danish Academy of Sciences in 1823 for his study of angle-preserving maps. He worked diligently in converting flat maps into globes. Gauss’ early work in cartography led many other mathematicians and physicists to move his work forward. Gauss thoroughly enjoyed reading many of the Greek and Roman classics. He also read many of the great writings of European literature. Gauss was known for many great writings and/or discoveries. His most famous writing was “Disquisitiones Arithmeticae”. It contained his solutions to many outstanding problems about numbers theory. His second most important thing was his discovery of the asteroid, Ceres. He observed it in 1801 and computed a theory that predicted when Ceres would reappear. His prediction proved to be correct and he became famous. Throughout his life, Gauss had many contributions to physics, math, geometry, topology and astronomy. He was compared to the likes of Archimedes and Sir Isaac Newton. His ideas are used today by many mathematicians. That is why is often referred to as the “Prince of Mathematician. He finally passed away in 1855 at the age of 77.