As October 5, 1970, with the kidnapping of

As Pierre Trudeau once said, “Canada will be a strong country when Canadians of all provinces feel at home in all parts of the country, and when they feel that all Canada belongs to them.” Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau was arguably Canada’s best-known politician, both at home and abroad. During his two terms, Pierre Trudeau made some decisions that still affect Canada to this day. Three major events that prove his significance as an important Prime Minister are The October Crisis, War Measures Act, and The Official Language Act. Trudeau First took office in 1968–79 as fifteenth Prime Minister of Canada, and later again in 1980-1984. HE was third longest lasting Prime Minister of Canada, next to Prime Minister Mackenzie King and Sir John A. Macdonald. The October Crisis was arguably one of the devastating terrorist attacks in Canadian History. The October Crisis was a dark time for Canada it consisted of bombings, kidnappings, and murders. The group behind these horrors was named the Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ). “The October Crisis began on October 5, 1970, with the kidnapping of James Cross, the British trade commissioner in Montréal, by members of the Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ).”(The Canadian Encyclopedia) The FLQ was formed in 1963, with a  simple goal it was to help create an independent Québécois state, using any means necessary, since of the course of the Organization life the group is responsible for committing nearly 200 crimes. During the October Crisis 2 important government officials were kidnapped, “James Cross at his home, and Pierre Laporte as he played with his nephew on his front lawn.” (Canadian Encyclopedia) In exchange for the two hostages, the FLQ demanded a series of things, included freeing of all detained FLQ members, a half-million dollar ransom and the broadcast of the FLQ manifesto. Pierre Trudeau denied all of the demands and said they would not negotiate with terrorists. Eventually, the FLQ manifesto was published by the media, and the Quebec Minister of Justice assured safe passage out of Canada for the FLQ members in exchange for the victims.  The kidnapping of the officials raised a quick response from Trudeau’s government. On October 15 the Quebec government for assistance from the military to aid the local police force. On October 16  the federal government issued the War Measures Act under the emergency regulations. The following day, Laporte’s body was found in the trunk of a car near a military base. In early December James Cross was found, the police negotiated his release for safe passage for some FLQ members and their families. Four weeks later, the Laporte’s captures were found and were severely punished. Two of the captures Paul Rose and Francis Simard received the heaviest sentences: life in prison for the death of Pierre Laporte.The War Measures Act was adopted by Parliament in WW1 (1914)  to maintain security and order during war or a time of crisis. The Act was used three times, it was used in both World Wars and during the October Crisis. It was made to limit the freedoms Canadians had in a time of crisis. This gave the government the power to charge people without cause, censorship, price fixing, and the ability to control the economy.  During the climax of the October Trudeau’s government deemed that it was necessary to put the War Measures Act into effect, claiming that Canada was at war with itself. Under the War Measures Act, the FLQ was outlawed, and joining became a criminal act. Normal rights and freedoms were stripped from the citizens of Quebec and the police were authorized to make arrests and detentions without cause. While the Act was in place over 450 arrests were made. The public opinion of the government’s decision to use the War Measures Act was positive but was highly criticized by Quebec nationalist and was called extreme and unnecessary. Although the Act lead to the disappearance of terrorism in Quebec it is said to be one of the causes of the growth of the democratic separatist movement in the 1970s.   Pierre Trudeau promised to refine and adjust the War Measures Act but was not able to when his government lost the election in 1984. In 1988 the War Measures Act was repealed and replaced with the Emergencies Act, which created more limited and less extreme powers for the government to use in times of crisis. The most beneficial impact that Pierre Trudeau made while he was in office would be The Official Languages Act of 1969. The Official Languages Act of 1969 was a federal government law that made French and English the official languages of Canada. It required all federal institutions to provide both French and English services. It was suggested by the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism, which was additionally settled by Prime Minister Trudeau as well. Also, the Act leads to the creation of the Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages.  The Languages Act of 1969 had 39 segments, the principle segments was the presentation of English and French as the official languages of Canada ( Section 1). The Act describes that all rules, regulation, and laws are required to be published in both official languages. It also outlines when the exceptions to this general rule. The Act also outlines the job and powers of the Commissioner of Official Languages, essentially the “Commissioner has the same legal status as a deputy head of a department.” ( Canadian Encyclopedia, Official Language Act of 1969). When the Act was being proposed all political parties supported the Act when it was introduced, while the provincial responsible was not as accepting. Some provinces were accepting such as New Brunswick, while provinces such as Ontario only settled for providing both French and English services in certain areas. While Manitoba a province an anglophone province since 1890 was forced to comply with the new laws. In 1988, the Official Languages of 1969 was repealed and replaced with a new and improved version of the  Official Languages Act, this version aimed to improve the official rights of all linguistic minorities in Canada, which complied with the development in the Canadian Language Policy.Not only is Pierre Trudeau the most well known Canadian Prime Minister but is also one of the most influential Prime Minister ever to step foot in Parliament. During his two terms as Prime Minister, he has done a thing that has benefited Canada in a very positive aspect. For instance, being able to deal with terrorism with the least amount of collateral damage possible,  keeping Canada safe by using the War Measures Act, and also by making Canada a bilingual country. Also, over his lifetime Pierre Trudeau has left a legacy as his own son is now Prime Minister following in his footsteps.