Art Appreciation

"ART OF THE WESTERN WORLD"
Stonehenge is located on the Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England. This is about 85 miles southwest from London. This structure is made of megalithic boulders weighing any where between one and forty five tons and arranged in a circular and horseshoe patterns. The early records indicate that construction began around 3000 B.C and ended around 1520 B.C. Archaeologists thinks that the work was done in four phases starting in the New Stone Age and continued through to the early Bronze Age.
Stonehenge remains one of the great mysteries of the world due to its sheer construction and size. It is thought to have been the work of a super human race or may by some alien life form. It has also been suggested that the movement of the stones were the work of magic and even the wizard Merlin has been mentioned.
It appears that upon further investigation, Stonehenge was built to conduct religious rites and or for astronomy. During the last phase where the cremation deposits was found do lend credence to this theory. Other theory suggests that Stonehenge was built to coincide with the solstices and different cycles of the moon. We are not sure about the possible builders that they left little or no trace as to why this massive structure was built. Some people believe that the Celtic priesthood, called the Druids, built it as a tribute to the gods, however other ancient peoples could have built Stonehenge as a temple that marked the solstices as holy days or as a mere marker for future travels to earth by aliens.
The Classical world is basically made up of both the Greek and Roman civilizations. Choose one architectural structure from each of these civilizations and discuss it as a culmination of the concepts and ideas of the culture.
One of the crowning achievements of Greek architecture was the Parthenon, which was built in the Acropolis.This Greek word "Ac…

Art Appreciation

Art is an object that possesses beauty, admired and appreciated by the people, and cannot be found anywhere but in special places where people can visit. Creating art work, therefore, requires great imagination so as to give the piece of work the desired aesthetic value. The works of Art in the Ancient culture were of various forms which included architecture, sculpture, and pictorial arts (Funch, 1999).

Architecture and sculpture are the oldest forms of art that existed and still exist in the present day. For example, the pyramids that are among the tallest structures in the world.

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The main materials used in architecture were stone, wood and glass. Sculpture also used stone and wood. Other materials used in sculpture included bronze, marble, silver, copper, wood and clay. The two techniques involved were carving and casting. Carving means subtracting material to get the desired figure while casting is adding material to obtain the desired figure (Carroll & Eurich, 1992).

Originally, two dimensional form of work was used for both architecture and sculpture, but as art advanced through the ages, two dimensional form of work was applied. The materials used for both architecture and sculpture included wood and stone. Sculptures also used marble, copper, bronze, silver and clay.

Sculpture and architecture employed some techniques and processes that were similar to arrive at the final desired object. Carving and casting was mainly used in sculpture which was also practiced in some parts of architectural objects to obtain the shapes required.

The sculptures were painted usingthe colours of the natural things they represent, while architectural objects were painted according to their use, and the message they portrayed.

Materials were put together in a line to form the shape aimed at both architecture and sculpture. Texture is the roughness or smoothness of a surface as is seen when it is illuminated by light. Different materials have different textures though the artist can make materials of the textures he requires. Most sculptured objects have a smooth finish, while architectural objects are rough.

The value of an Art depends on the materials used to make it, its size, and the image it represents. The beauty and the natural appearance of an object are found in its symmetry(Art Through the Ages, n.d.).

This is used mainly in sculptures of animal or human images to display the true natural appearance. The artists obtained a balance by making symmetrical sculptures and some architectural objects like the pyramids in Egypt.Balance was achieved to give the art natural beauty and safety (Parker, 2003).

The work of art always carries a subject matter. Sculptures of animals by the people of the past appreciated the mysterious way that the world was created by a supernatural being. Architectural buildings were sacred places and symbolized the presence of God, a sign of adherence to traditional values and way of accompanying death after life.

Works of art such as sculptures represent the real natural environment, and thus appreciate nature. The art’s message is to display the purity of nature and for moral evaluation of the people. Sculptures of Gods and buildings like pyramids represented the presence of a supernatural being and a creator (Horovitz, 1995).

Functions of art are divided into personal, social and physical functions. Personal functions include religious practices and a sense of control over the entire universe. Social functions dealt with aspects of life of all the people not personally. It also covered the political functions of the people.

Physical functions were symbolized by architecture, crafts and industrial design.Artists had a very important role in the ancient cultures. They served the interests of the people, appreciated nature and showed the changing times (Parker, 2003).

References

Art Through the Ages. (n.d.). Retrieved October 20, 2011, from http://www.all-art.org/history12.html

Carroll, H. A., & Eurich, A. C. (1992). Abstract intelligence and art appreciation. Journal of Educational Psychology , 23(3), 214-220.

Funch, B. S. (1999). The psychology of art appreciation. London: Abm Komers.

Horovitz, B. L. (1995). Art Appreciation of Children. The Journal of Educational Research , 31(2), 17-23.

Parker, D. H. (2003, November). The Principles Of Aesthetics. Retrieved October 20, 2011, from http://www.authorama.com/principles-of-aesthetics-16.html