German Expressionism was a movement that rebelled against the tradition of Realism,
both in subject matter and style.It applied to an artistic movement that lead
German Avant-Garde painting of the early 20th Century rule. Expressionist painting,
which developed inreaction to the dormant academic standards of the previous century,
discardedrefined pictorial naturalism in favor of direct emotional expression
characterizedby bold distortions of form and violent color.
Surrealism is a term coined by The French poet Guillaume Apollinaire in 1917 in
reference to his own writings, as well as the work of certain painters, such as Picasso and
Marc Chagall. In 1924, one of the founders, Andre Breton, revived the term in his
Manifesto of Surrealism, where he describes a "super-reality" connecting the dream
The movement is mostly concerned with the different aspects of the unconscious mind
and representations of the dream state.
Max Pechstein, an expressionist painter, born December 31, 1881, died June 29, 1955,
was a member of"DIE BRUECKE"(the bridge) A group of German expressionist
painters, active just before WWI, who reacted against the impressionism of the Secession
movement. Pechstein shared the bold color and expressionist distortion of the Bruecke
artists but in a less extreme and more decorative form than that practiced by the groups
His painting called "Zwiesprache" (Two Voices) painted in 1920 is of two nude females
conversing in a landscape. It's condition is unusually fine, with strong, boldly-printed
colors. The sheet has only some soft creasing in the margins. The subject matter is most
probably sexuality and it incorporates the angular forms of Oceanic and African art.
The colors he has used in his woodcut are green, black, brown-beige and white. Color
becomes largely autonomous …