the inception of Federalism in Ethiopia, it has been stated that so far about
3.5 million hectares of land have been transferred to both foreign and domestic
investors.1 In Ethiopia, Land has been
considered as an important and source of economic, political and social asset
where the status and prestige of people is determined. The FDRE Constitution
provides that land and all natural resources are the properties of the state
and the Ethiopian people
Unlike the Ethiopian case, according to Articles
552-554 of the French Civil Code, ownership of land “involves ownership of what is above and below it.” Unless
restricted by statutes, the owner of a land is considered as owning also the
minerals inside the land and the airspace above the land.2 But, the Ethiopian Civil
Code treats “land” and “buildings” as two separate types of
Thus, the government has a power and can at any time
dispossess with for public services, privately owned land and delivered it to
other persons for investment purposes by paying some compensation for the owner
and move its properties within
Even if the owner has no permanent properties like house or crops from the
needed land he is forced to leave the land within a month after receiving a
letter that informs the case. The great
problem that displaced the Oromo people from its properties and land is this
land exprortation policy of the FDRE government.
By this policy many Oromos from Addis Ababa and its
surrounding displaced and exposed for migration. During this migration they
faced different violations of human rights that can’t be difficult to express.
As an example, the land they were farming was estimated by less than 3 Birr
($0.11) per square meter for compensation. The government that paid to the
farmers by the estimation of less than 3 Birr per square meter sold and
transferred it to investors from 50,000 to 100,000 Birr ($1900-3800) per square
meter by the name of ‘Lease’ policy.
Therefore, the farmers that do not have any other
business except farming left its land, families, homes, kids, social lives and
where he was born and grown older and exposed to so many crises. The
information which was given through Oromia Broadcast Network (an official Media
of the Oromiya Regional Government) for the last four months
(Sepember-December, 2017) concerning the Oromo people who displaced from Addis
Ababa aka Finfinne area is evident.
(2011). Land to Investors: Large-Scale Land Transfer in Ethiopia. FSS Policy
Debate Series. Addis Ababa: Forum for Social Studies. P.5.; as cited in Daniel
Weldegebriel(2013). Land Rights And Expropriation in Ethiopia: Dissertation for
the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Stockholm Sweden.
2 AUBRY 1966. Droit Civil
Francis -Property-, Translated by the Louisiana State Law Institute West
Publishing Co.Vol. II, p.1. as cited in Daniel Weldegebriel(2013). Land Rights
And Expropriation in Ethiopia: Dissertation for the Degree of Doctor of
Philosophy, Stockholm Sweden.
3 See Expropriation of Landholdings for Public
Purposes and Payment of Compensation Proclamation No 455/2005.