to the world health organization, Uganda has one of the worst health records.
Ugandans number one fear is there personal as well as family health. The
statistics provide a clearer picture of this fact, despite the investment in
health in the previous year five years; Uganda was ranked number 186 out of 191
countries in terms of healthcare performance (world health organization). Life
expectancy in Uganda is very low (“World Health Organization,” n.d.). In every 200 mothers that deliver one dies
during birth. Malaria is responsible for 14% of the countries death.
per the 2017 revision on world population prospects Uganda has a total of
41,487,965 in population. In the entire proportion those under the age of 15
comprised of 48.1% of the entire population while 49.4% was comprised of
persons between the ages of 15 to 65. Literacy levels in Uganda are 71.5% in
females and 78.4% in males of over 15 years of age and above. Uganda is among
the poorest countries in the world, as its per capita income is below $170. 89%
of Uganda’s population is graded as rural, the dependency ratio, household size
as well as illiteracy levels are high in this rural settings hence having high
levels of poverty.
Uganda healthcare is provided on a referral basis, for instance, if a level two
cannot handle an incidence, the case is referred to the next level. Public
healthcare centers are meant to be free, however, health workers often do
extort money from patients. The healthcare system is in five stages thus the
village health team, health center two, health center three, health center four
and a hospital respectively. The fists stage is comprised volunteers in every
village, who in most cases are non-existent or lack needed supplies, health
centers two are found in every parish meant to treat common illnesses, health
center four three serves a sub-county with a staff of 18, health center four is
four a constituency while a hospital is located in every district. On paper,
the healthcare system should cover everyone but the, in reality, it’s
impossible due to inadequate staff and supplies
Uganda, about 51% of its population does not have a direct contact with a
health facility and those with contact the facilities are not well equipped.
Because of this hurdles Uganda immunities level are very low, this is because
of lack of poor vaccination many death as are caused by yellow fever, dengue
fever, malaria and HIV/AIDS (Charles, 2012). Poor sanitation is a big factor as
there are high incidences of cholera outbreaks and diarrheal diseases.
is number 19 globally when it comes to mortality of under 5 years of age
children. The leading causes of this high children mortality rate are from
treatable and preventable diseases such as malaria, pneumonia, and diarrhea.
HIV/Aids is responsible for 50.9% death followed by Malaria. HIV/AIDS is caused by behavioral risks such as unsafe
sex and drug and alcohol abuse while Malaria is brought by the rural poor
population thus the people cannot afford Mosquito nets and lack of sufficient
knowledge in combating the disease.(who)
cultural practices have a significant contribution to the mortality statistics.
For instance, many girls die while undergoing female genital mutilation, due to
over bleeding. Another cultural factor that contributes to the high incidences
of death is their belief in witchcraft and disbelief in western medicine; the
witchdoctors assume illness to be an evil spirit attacking the infected person
this makes the infected person offers sacrifices instead of combating the
diseases attacking his or her immune which in many cases results to death.
Another death contributing factor is the culture of inheriting of wives; this
has seen the rise of those infected with aids.
O. (2012). Analysis of Infant Mortality Rates In East Africa: Factors For the
Rise of Infant Mortality Rates in East Africa Case Study: Uganda. Saarbru?cken:
LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing.
Health Organization. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/en/
World Bank (2014). “Maternal life expectancy, total (years)” Washington, D.C:
the World Bank.
gap report” UNAIDS 2016