1. Definition answer: Biomimicry is a new discipline that tries to learn from nature and generally the wonderful planet that we live in while taking design advice from them.
2. Rationale for consulting nature when seeking solutions to design problems: Now more than ever people are beginning to remember that other organisms, the rest of the natural world, are doing things very similar to what we need to do. They have actually been doing it for billions of years that have helped them live gracefully on earth. We have forgotten that we are not the first ones to build or process cellulose or optimize packing space. These are what designers can learn from other organisms while solving their design problems.
3. Examples of design solutions from nature:
1.Question: How do we quiet the bullet train’s noise once it exits the tunnel?
2. Organism: The kingfisher bird.
3. Solution: The kingfisher goes from one density of medium, the air, into another density of medium, water, without a splash. The head of the train was thus curved into the shape of a kingfisher making it quiet, 10% faster on 15% less electricity.
1. Question: How can we use CO2 as a building block?
2. Organism: The coral.
3. Solution: Plants and organisms that make shells and corals think of CO2 as a building block. There is now a cement factory in the U.S. called Calera that has borrowed the recipe from the coral reef and using CO2 as a building block in cement. The excess emission of CO2 is actually reversed in producing more cement.
4. TWO paragraph description from asknature.org
Plants such as pineapples, from the family Bromeliaceae, have very unique surfaces on their leaves. This enables them to collect water to a central tank where absorption and utilization is handled. The utilization happens in areas where there might be deficiency in nutrients such as hanging in trees solely depending on nutrients dissolved in rainwater. Their leaves form a convex shape curving away from the surface allowing water to drip into the central tank. With the edges bending upward, a miniature half-pipe shape is achieved.
The biomimicry concept of the above organism was carried out through the Chaac-ha, a water collection system designed by Team Panteras. Their main aim was to cub water scarcity on individual dwellings. “The design was inspired by the form and function of bromeliads for the collector and spider webs for the structure,” explains the team. The spiral support system is made of bamboo surrounding a central water reservoir. The dew forms on the fabric while inclining to the tank. This applies too to collection of rainwater.